|
Twitter
|
Facebook
|
Google+
|
VKontakte
|
LinkedIn
|
Viadeo
|
English
|
Français
|
Español
|
العربية
|
 
International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies
ISSN: 2028-9324     CODEN: IJIABO     OCLC Number: 828807274     ZDB-ID: 2703985-7
 
 
Thursday 18 January 2018

About IJIAS

News

Submission

Downloads

Archives

Custom Search

Contact

Connect with IJIAS

  Now IJIAS is indexed in ResearchGate, ProQuest, Chemical Abstracts Service, Index Copernicus, IET Inspec Direct, Ulrichs Web, Google Scholar, CAS Abstracts, J-Gate, UDL Library, CiteSeerX, WorldCat, Scirus, Research Bible and getCited, etc.  
 
 
 

In Press: Transesterification of Waste Cooking Oil with Methanol and Characterization of the Fuel Properties of the Resulting Methyl Ester and its Blends



                 

Opeyemi Seriffdeen Jimoh1 and Samson K. Fasogbon2

1 Mechanical Engineering Department, Faculty of Technology, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria
2 Mechanical Engineering Department, Faculty of Technology, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria

Original language: English

Received 29 June 2017

Copyright © 2018 ISSR Journals. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract


Rapid exhaustion of fossil fuels and the increase in environmental concerns have promoted recent attention towards converting various oils into fuels (biofuels) as alternatives to petroleum diesel. Methanol was used to trans esterify waste cooking oil using the molar ratios of 1:3, 1:6, 1:9 and 1:12 (oil to methanol) in the presence of potassium hydroxide (KOH) as catalyst and 650C activation temperature. The physicochemical properties of the resulting methyl ester of standard molar ratio (1:6) and its blends were investigated and the resulting properties were compared with that of fossil fuel. These properties were also compared with standard values of biodiesel using European Standard (EN 14214), United States Standard (ASTM D6751) and South African Standard (SANS 1935). Results from the variation of the molar ratio of oil to methanol i.e. 1:3, 1:6, 1:9 and 1:12 showed that the percentage yield of methyl ester increased as the molar ratio increased until at 1:9 where the percentage yield of methyl ester started to decline which might be as a result of excess methanol present in the reaction. The value of each of the physicochemical properties for biodiesel (B100) was close to that of petroleum diesel (B0) and almost the same as European Standard (EN 14214), United States Standard (ASTM D6751) and South African Standard (SANS 1935) when compared. The study concludes that waste cooking oil methyl ester and its blends compare favorably with fossil diesel in terms of physicochemical properties and the values are within the acceptable standards.

Author Keywords: Biodiesel Blends, Glycerol, Methyl Ester, Physicochemical Properties, Transesterification.