International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies
ISSN: 2028-9324     CODEN: IJIABO     OCLC Number: 828807274     ZDB-ID: 2703985-7
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The influential of International trends on Egyptian higher education from Perspectives of Social Justice and Quality

Volume 12, Issue 1, July 2015, Pages 72–95

 The influential of International trends on Egyptian higher education from Perspectives of Social Justice and Quality

Lamya Mohamed Ahmed Elsaid1

1 Educational planning Foundation of Education Department, Faculty of Education, Ain Shams University, Egypt

Original language: English

Copyright © 2015 ISSR Journals. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Egypt is one of the Arab developing countries that began establishing higher education earlier than most Arab countries. It used to be a source of educational, scientific, and culture diffusion to the Arab world. Thus, it is our expectation that Egypt should occupy a high status in higher education. However, the status of Egyptian higher education now is unsatisfactory, compared to Egypt's past and rapid, successive global developments. This status is based on lack of two basic elements- Equity and Quality.
So the researcher will begin with brief of the notions of social justice and quality in higher education. Then, I will introduce an overview of the developments in Egyptian higher education in relation to equity and quality.
In the third and fourth parts of this paper, the researcher will identify some trends of some international organizations about the equity and quality, which give us two essential aspects: First, to determine what we mean by equity and quality. Second, to explore and find out which of these global and international trends are more influential in the development of higher education decision-making and policy in Egypt.
Then, I will deal with and evaluate the developments of Egyptian higher education from the perspective of quality and equity.
In the end, the researcher will present the conclusions that include some suggestions to improve equity and quality of Egyptian higher education, which includes:
- First: Inequality at Regional Level
- Second: Inequality in terms of Gender
- Third: Inequality in hiring and in the Egyptian Workplace
Given these findings, the policies of free higher education introduced in the early 1960s have been entirely undermined and new policies are needed. Thus, the paper has six suggestions to improve the quality and equity of higher education in Egypt. The government should:
- Look for new resources to provide quality free higher education to all those who need.
- Redistribute of private, foreign and public higher institutes on the all regions especially in Upper Egypt and Suez Canal.
- Push both public and private higher education institutes to assure the quality.
- Push private and foreign universities' to commitments by requiring them to make education available to more students.
- Offer new academic courses at public universities and bridge the quality gap with private and foreign universities
- Finally the government should benefit from the World Bank and GATS policies to achieve merit access in higher education

Author Keywords: International trends, higher education, Social Justice, Quality, Egypt.

How to Cite this Article

Lamya Mohamed Ahmed Elsaid, “The influential of International trends on Egyptian higher education from Perspectives of Social Justice and Quality,” International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies, vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 72–95, July 2015.