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International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies
ISSN: 2028-9324     CODEN: IJIABO     OCLC Number: 828807274     ZDB-ID: 2703985-7
 
 
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Rules of origin in preferential agreements: favorable factor or constraint to trade? Case of the agreement between the United-States and Morocco


Volume 2, Issue 1, January 2013, Pages 72–82

 Rules of origin in preferential agreements: favorable factor or constraint to trade? Case of the agreement between the United-States and Morocco

Rachid Hasnaoui1 and Said Dkhissi2

1 Professeur, Laboratoire Polyvalent en Recherche & Développement, Université Sultan Moulay Slimane, Faculté Polydisciplinaire Béni Mellal, Morocco
2 Research laboratory on Globalization and Development, Center of Doctoral Studies on Law and Economy, University Mohamed V Souissi, Rabat, Morocco

Original language: English

Received 12 December 2012

Copyright © 2013 ISSR Journals. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract


The rules of origin are justified by the need to regulate trade between two or a group of countries (trade policy mechanism). This paper proposes to study the impact of rules of origin on the implementation of the preferential trade agreement between Morocco and the United States of America. Following this study, the results showed that the rules of origin diminish substantially the efficiency of this Agreement and deprive Moroccan companies of the tax benefits in terms of access to the U.S. market. Therefore, they reflect protectionist practices in term of non tariff barriers. They take the form of manufacturing conditions hard to be met by the operators. The analysis of the relationship between preferential Moroccan exports to the United States of America, on one hand, and the presence of tariff preferences and the Rules of Origin, on the other hand, suggest that if the tariff preferences have indeed the effect of encouraging exports, the Rules of Origin have the reverse effect.

Author Keywords: Rules of origin, tariff preferences, trade policy, international integration, Moroccan economy, trade agreement.


How to Cite this Article


Rachid Hasnaoui and Said Dkhissi, “Rules of origin in preferential agreements: favorable factor or constraint to trade? Case of the agreement between the United-States and Morocco,” International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies, vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 72–82, January 2013.