International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies
ISSN: 2028-9324     CODEN: IJIABO     OCLC Number: 828807274     ZDB-ID: 2703985-7
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Temperomandibular Joint: A Review

Volume 2, Issue 4, April 2013, Pages 488–493

 Temperomandibular Joint: A Review

Soumya K. M.1, Shaik Shoaib Ali2, H Sindhu3, Aravind S. Raju4, and Swetha Aswal5

1 Department of Orthodontics, Alazar Dental College & Hospital, Kerala, India
2 Department of Restorative Dental Sciences, College of Dentistry, King Khalid University, Abha, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
3 Department of Conservative & Endodontics, R.V Dental College, Bangalore, India
4 Department of Orthodontics, St.Gregorios Dental College & Hospital, Kerala, India
5 Department of Orthodontics, Krishnadevaraya College of Dental Sciences, Bangalore, India

Original language: English

Copyright © 2013 ISSR Journals. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Little or no data support the idea that orthodontic treatment is needed at any age to prevent the development of temperomandibular dysfunction. First it is not a single joint but a pair of joints working in tandem and in a well-coordinated manner to meet functional demands. Second, unlike other joints of the body where movements of the joint are determined by functional demands and anatomy of the joint, the path of movements and position of the Temperomandibular joint at rest are determined by the teeth of either jaw which the joint helps to keep in an occluded position. The frequency of TMJ complaints has multiplied in the last few years. This may have been brought about by the increased stresses of our fast paced world, or at least we now recognize that there is a stress strain tension release syndrome that often manifests itself with nocturnal Para functional activity. Temperomandibular disorder may be considered a cluster of joint and muscle disorders in the orofacial region which is characterized by pain, joint sounds such clicking and irregular or deviating jaw function.This article reviews the various aspects of temperomandibular joint involving on orthpodontic diagnosis and various treatment approach.

Author Keywords: Temperomandibular joint, Orthodontics, Anomalies.

How to Cite this Article

Soumya K. M., Shaik Shoaib Ali, H Sindhu, Aravind S. Raju, and Swetha Aswal, “Temperomandibular Joint: A Review,” International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies, vol. 2, no. 4, pp. 488–493, April 2013.