International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies
ISSN: 2028-9324     CODEN: IJIABO     OCLC Number: 828807274     ZDB-ID: 2703985-7
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Species Composition and Relative Abundance of Mosquitoes in Swat, Pakistan

Volume 2, Issue 4, April 2013, Pages 454–463

 Species Composition and Relative Abundance of Mosquitoes in Swat, Pakistan

Ikram Ilahi1 and Muhammad Suleman2

1 Department of Zoology, University of Malakand, Chakadara, Dir (Lower), Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan
2 Department of Microbiology, Hazara University, Mansehra, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan

Original language: English

Copyright © 2013 ISSR Journals. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


A comprehensive survey of mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae) was conducted in Swat Pakistan, from April to September during 2000. The survey involved the sampling of both, adult and immature stages of mosquitoes, and recovered a total of 21 species in five genera. Sampling of adult mosquitoes involved Pyrethrum spray collections, Man-biting collections, and Animal-biting collection. Immature stages of mosquitoes were collected from variety of habitats including springs, irrigation channels, rice fields, marshes, temporary pools, construction pools, agriculture pools, river margins, ditches, waste water drains, wells and tree holes. During the study most of the species built up their populations in June, July and August, while a few increased their populations in September. During the survey of immature stages, from a total of 138 samples taken, Cx. quinquefasciatus showed maximum frequency of occurrence (recovered from 48 samples) followed by An. maculatus (17 samples), Cx. pseudovishnui (14 samples), An. annularis and An. stephensi (13 samples each), Cx. bitaeniorhynchus (11 samples), An. splendidus (5 samples) and Cx. theileri (4 samples). The rest of the species occurred infrequently. The observations on habitat specificity of different species of mosquitoes showed the rice fields as the most favorable site for mosquito breeding (harboring 12 species) followed by river margins (five species) and temporary pools and springs (four species each). During this study Ae. aegypti was recovered from tyres in Mingora; it was not reported earlier from Swat.

Author Keywords: Diptera, Culicidae, Immature stages, Frequency of occurrence, Habitat specificity.

How to Cite this Article

Ikram Ilahi and Muhammad Suleman, “Species Composition and Relative Abundance of Mosquitoes in Swat, Pakistan,” International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies, vol. 2, no. 4, pp. 454–463, April 2013.