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International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies
ISSN: 2028-9324     CODEN: IJIABO     OCLC Number: 828807274     ZDB-ID: 2703985-7
 
 
Monday 20 May 2019

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Metallurgical Characterisation of Recovered Aluminium Alloys in Cameroon


Volume 3, Issue 3, July 2013, Pages 672–679

 Metallurgical Characterisation of Recovered Aluminium Alloys in Cameroon

T. Tchotang1, Bertin D. Soh Fotsing2, B. Kenmeugne3, G.F. Anago4, M. Fogué5, and E. Nguena6

1 Département des Génies Industriel et Mécanique, Université de Yaoundé 1/Ecole Nationale Supérieure Polytechnique de Yaoundé/Laboratoire des Matériaux et Mécaniques, Yaoundé, Cameroun
2 Department of Mechanical Engineering, IUT Fotso Victor–University of Dschang, P.O. Box 134 Bandjoun, Cameroun
3 Département des Génies Industriel et Mécanique, Université de Yaoundé 1/Ecole Nationale Supérieure Polytechnique de Yaoundé/Laboratoire des Matériaux et Mécaniques, Yaoundé, Cameroun
4 Département de Génie Mécanique, Université Nationale de Bénin/Ecole Polytechnique d'Abomey-Calavi/Laboratoire d'Etudes et de Recherches des Techniques Industrielles, Cotonou, Bénin
5 Département de Mécanique et Productique, Université de Dschang/Institut Universitaire de Technologie Fotso-Victor de Bandjoun/Laboratoire d'Ingénierie des Systèmes, Industriels et del'Environnement, Bandjoun, Cameroun
6 Alucam-Socatral a branch of Alcan Rio Tinto, Edéa, Cameroun

Original language: English

Received 19 April 2013

Copyright © 2013 ISSR Journals. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract


This article is a comparative study of metallurgical characteristics of the different aluminium alloys gotten through recycling of recovered aluminium in Cameroon. A simple experimental device for the foundry of secondary aluminium blend, of very good quality built around a movable charcoal furnace is presented. It enables better energy efficiency, a better distribution of the heat around the crucible and indirectly assures good quality of the products obtained, while respecting the economic constraints and users' safety. Six refining methods are proposed by the addition of polyvinyl chloride (method A), coke rich in carbon CHS (method C), ammonium chloride NH4Cl (method E), manganese dioxide MnO (method T), acrylic nitrite (C2H3Cl)n (method P) and sodium chloride NaCl (method S). A critical analysis of the different recycling techniques is presented as well as a proposed process of melting and refining that enables the obtaining products with high degrees of purity. The results are then compared to the results obtained from the industrial methods of aluminium refining such as fractional crystallization (FC), granular filtration (GF) and dissolution in a metal solvent (DS). The later (DS) gives the rate of 6.540% of accumulated alloy elements and enables the best purification (93.460%), while the NaCl gives the lowest global rate of additive elements (9.478%), with the best purity index (90.522%) amount the proposed methods. Results obtained show that this method of refining improves the metallurgical properties of secondary aluminium alloy blends and guarantees better safety, as well as reducing the risks of environmental pollution.

Author Keywords: Aluminium, Foundry, Recycling, Recovery, Refining.


How to Cite this Article


T. Tchotang, Bertin D. Soh Fotsing, B. Kenmeugne, G.F. Anago, M. Fogué, and E. Nguena, “Metallurgical Characterisation of Recovered Aluminium Alloys in Cameroon,” International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies, vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 672–679, July 2013.