International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies
ISSN: 2028-9324     CODEN: IJIABO     OCLC Number: 828807274     ZDB-ID: 2703985-7
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A Survey of Vehicular Ad hoc Networks Routing Protocols

Volume 3, Issue 3, July 2013, Pages 829–846

 A Survey of Vehicular Ad hoc Networks Routing Protocols

Marwa Altayeb1 and Imad Mahgoub2

1 Department of Computer Information & Networks, College of Computer Science & Information Technology, Sudan University of Science & Technology, Khartoum, Sudan
2 Department of Computer & Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, College of Engineering & Computer Science, Florida Atlantic University, Florida, USA

Original language: English

Received 3 May 2013

Copyright © 2013 ISSR Journals. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


In recent years, the aspect of vehicular ad hoc network (VANET) is becoming an interesting research area; VANET is a mobile ad hoc network considered as a special case of mobile ad hoc network (MANET). Similar to MANET, VANET is characterized as autonomous and self-configured wireless network. However, VANET has very dynamic topology, large and variable network size, and constrained mobility; these characteristics led to the need for efficient routing and resource saving VANET protocols, to fit with different VANET environments. These differences render traditional MANET's protocols unsuitable for VANET. The aim of this work is to give a survey of the VANETs routing mechanisms, this paper gives an overview of Vehicular ad hoc networks (VANETs) and the existing VANET routing protocols; mainly it focused on vehicle to vehicle (V2V) communication and protocols. The paper also represents the general outlines and goals of VANETs, investigates different routing schemes that have been developed for VANETs, as well as providing classifications of VANET routing protocols (focusing on two classification forms), and gives summarized comparisons between different classes in the context of their methodologies used, strengths, and limitations of each class scheme compared to other classes. Finally, it extracts the current trends and the challenges for efficient routing mechanisms in VANETs.

Author Keywords: VANET, Route, Routing Protocols, Topology-based, Position-based, V2V.

How to Cite this Article

Marwa Altayeb and Imad Mahgoub, “A Survey of Vehicular Ad hoc Networks Routing Protocols,” International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies, vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 829–846, July 2013.