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International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies
ISSN: 2028-9324     CODEN: IJIABO     OCLC Number: 828807274     ZDB-ID: 2703985-7
 
 
Saturday 17 November 2018

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Biodegradable waste to biogas: Renewable energy option for the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia


Volume 4, Issue 1, September 2013, Pages 101–113

 Biodegradable waste to biogas: Renewable energy option for the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Muhammad Sadiq Munfath Khan1 and Zakariya Kaneesamkandi2

1 Sustainable Energy Technology (SET) Department, College of Engineering, King Saud University, PO Box 800, Riyadh, 11421, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
2 Mechanical Engineering Department College of Engineering, King Saud University, PO Box 800, Riyadh, 11421, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Original language: English

Received 23 May 2013

Copyright © 2013 ISSR Journals. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract


Energy recovery from waste is not a new field of study, but its implementation continues to be a challenge in some Arab countries. Although there is abundance of useful waste in the urban markets, practices aiming at waste to energy conversion are still negligible. In the kingdom of Saudi Arabia, so-called green markets are abundant with renewable energy potential, but the practical implementation of this potential is missing. Therefore the objective of this paper is the evaluation of waste generation in KSA for the energy recovery purpose, and to show that the conversion of green waste into biofuel is not only environmentally friendly but also financially rewarding. Since the result illustrate that the major portion of the waste generated is organic waste, anaerobic digestion is proposed waste to energy technology because of its feasibility for biodegradation of moist organic wastes into biogas. Diversion of waste into biogas and bio-fertilizer will ensure that it is treated in such a way that it becomes a useful product instead of harmful one. Furthermore as the policy makers and planners in renewable energy sector have intended for kingdom of Saudi Arabia to be "kingdom of sustainable energy" as well, hence they are needed to give special attention toward the largest Saudi Arabia's green market and should invest more to implement this plan.

Author Keywords: Waste management, Biodegradable waste, Renewable energy, Biogas, Anaerobic digestion.


How to Cite this Article


Muhammad Sadiq Munfath Khan and Zakariya Kaneesamkandi, “Biodegradable waste to biogas: Renewable energy option for the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia,” International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies, vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 101–113, September 2013.