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International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies
ISSN: 2028-9324     CODEN: IJIABO     OCLC Number: 828807274     ZDB-ID: 2703985-7
 
 
Sunday 25 August 2019

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Enhancement of Cellulolytic Nitrogen Fixing Activity of Alcaligenes sp. by MNNG Mutagenesis


Volume 3, Issue 4, August 2013, Pages 979–986

 Enhancement of Cellulolytic Nitrogen Fixing Activity of Alcaligenes sp. by MNNG Mutagenesis

Zaw Ko Latt1, San San Yu2, and Tin Mar Lynn3

1 Department of Biotechnology, Mandalay Technological University, Mandalay, Myanmar
2 Molecular Life Science Research Center, Jacobs University, Bremen, Germany
3 Department of Biotechnology, Mandalay Technological University, Mandalay, Myanmar

Original language: English

Received 30 May 2013

Copyright © 2013 ISSR Journals. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract


For effective degradation of agricultural residues into more useful forms, cellulolytic nitrogen fixing bacteria were isolated from soil samples of central region of Myanmar. Among 32 isolated strains, six best isolates (three strains of Azomonas agilis, two strains of Azotobacter chroococcum, and one strain of Alcaligenes sp.) were selected. Best strains were selected by their nitrogen fixing activities. Nitrogen fixing bacteria cannot excrete significant amount of ammonia into their environment. To improve cellulolytic nitrogen fixing activities, Alcaligenes sp. among six isolates was muatgenized with chemical mutagen, MNNG. From treatment of Alcaligenes sp. with three concentrations of MNNG (7.5 ppm, 10 ppm and 12.5 ppm), six potential mutant colonies were obtained. After screening of nitrogen fixing activities of wild type and mutagenized strains, four out of six mutant strains excreted higher amount of ammonium concentration than wild type strain. Although wild type strain of Alcaligenes sp. excreted 46.64 ppm of ammonium concentration, 101.35 ppm of ammonium concentration was excreted by mutant strain (M2-F) of Alcaligenes sp. According to results obtained, 10 ppm of MNNG was more effective for obtaining better mutant strain for nitrogen fixing activity. Although nitrogen fixing activities of mutant strains were increased, cellulolytic activities were decreased than those of wild type strain. Reducing sugar concentrations produced by all mutant strains were decreased using cellulose and CMC as substrates than wild type strain.

Author Keywords: Agricultural residues, Cellulose, Nitrogen fixation, MNNG mutagen, Alcaligenes sp.


How to Cite this Article


Zaw Ko Latt, San San Yu, and Tin Mar Lynn, “Enhancement of Cellulolytic Nitrogen Fixing Activity of Alcaligenes sp. by MNNG Mutagenesis,” International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies, vol. 3, no. 4, pp. 979–986, August 2013.