International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies
ISSN: 2028-9324     CODEN: IJIABO     OCLC Number: 828807274     ZDB-ID: 2703985-7
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Application of ELECTRE III and Shannon Entropy for Strategy Selection

Volume 4, Issue 1, September 2013, Pages 189–194

 Application of ELECTRE III and Shannon Entropy for Strategy Selection

Hassan Jafari1

1 Marine Transportation Department, Faculty of Maritime Economics and Management, Khoramshahr marine science and Technology University, Khoramshahr, Iran

Original language: English

Received 25 June 2013

Copyright © 2013 ISSR Journals. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


One of the potential problems in ports, which are expected to be compounded with the growth of the volumes of trade, is the dwelling of goods and its consequent costs. Container dwell time equals the duration containers are discharged and transported from ships to depots in order to be stored until the time the goods owner has released containers and dismissed it from terminals. The dwelling of goods results in taking up storage yards and port lots through congestion as well as decreasing Executive efficiency in loading and discharging which may cause an increase in lay time and demurrage costs. The purpose of the current study is an Application of ELECTRE III and Shannon Entropy for Strategy Selection for decreasing the Containers Dwell Time in Iranian Seaports. Firstly, factors involving in the Containers dwell time were dealt with in a review of the literature. Secondly, Executive strategies to decrease the Containers dwell time were formalized employing Delphi method. Thirdly, the strategies, formalized at the second stage, were prioritized by use of Shannon Entropy and ELECTRE III. According to The final results of the ELECTRE III method following strategies gained highest priority, using electronic systems, reducing the paperwork and parallel processes in cargo clearance, employing road and rail intermodal transport, round-the-clock customs operation, enhancing coordination and collaboration among organizations involved in the issuance of cargo clearance, respectively.

Author Keywords: Container, Dwelling, Shannon Entropy, ELECTRE III, Strategies, Iran's ports.

How to Cite this Article

Hassan Jafari, “Application of ELECTRE III and Shannon Entropy for Strategy Selection,” International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies, vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 189–194, September 2013.