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International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies
ISSN: 2028-9324     CODEN: IJIABO     OCLC Number: 828807274     ZDB-ID: 2703985-7
 
 
Thursday 19 July 2018

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Effect of opening girth and some latex physiological parameters on yield of Rubber (Hevea brasiliensis)


Volume 4, Issue 1, September 2013, Pages 88–100

 Effect of opening girth and some latex physiological parameters on yield of Rubber (Hevea brasiliensis)

H. K. L. K. Gunasekera1, W. A. J. M. De Costa2, and A. Nugawela3

1 Department of Agricultural and Plantation Engineering, Faculty of Engineering Technology, The Open University of Sri Lanka, Sri Lanka
2 Department of Crop Science, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Peradeniya, Sri Lanka
3 Rubber Research Institute of Sri Lanka, Sri Lanka

Original language: English

Received 17 July 2013

Copyright © 2013 ISSR Journals. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract


Field experiment was conducted to investigate the possibility of exploiting rubber (Hevea brasiliensis) for latex at a lower stem girth (40 and 45 cm) and physiological yield parameters were monitored to establish factors responsible for differences in yield due to opening girths or tapping systems tested. Three different Hevea genotypes, i.e. RRISL 211, RRIC 121 and RRIC 102 were exploited at different growth stages, i.e. girth of 40 cm (G40), girth of 45 cm (G45) and girth of 50 cm (G50), using different tapping systems. Significant clonal differences were observed for the initial rate of latex flow (IFR), plugging index (PI), total volume of latex (vol), dry rubber content (DRC) and dry rubber yield when tapping commenced at different opening girths. The overall results of the present study clearly showed that the plugging index was relatively high in trees opened at lower girths, i.e. 40 cm (G40) than in trees opened at higher girths, i.e. G45 and G50. Yield differences between trees of the same clone were mainly caused by differences in IFR, while differences between clones were mainly associated with differences in flow time. There is a highly significant positive correlation between PI and DRC irrespective of the tapping systems and opening girths. This study clearly showed that the DRC, PI and IFR vary according to year of tapping, tapping system and opening girth. At the immature phase (especially G40 trees during the first year) were probably not mature enough to show normal latex flow relationships. Furthermore, variations in yield determining parameters have to be taken in to account in devising strategies for yield improvement in different clones.

Author Keywords: Rubber, Opening girth, Physiological yield parameters, Clone, Yield.


How to Cite this Article


H. K. L. K. Gunasekera, W. A. J. M. De Costa, and A. Nugawela, “Effect of opening girth and some latex physiological parameters on yield of Rubber (Hevea brasiliensis),” International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies, vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 88–100, September 2013.