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International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies
ISSN: 2028-9324     CODEN: IJIABO     OCLC Number: 828807274     ZDB-ID: 2703985-7
 
 
Wednesday 21 November 2018

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Risk factors of road crash: An empirical analysis among an Italian drivers sample


Volume 5, Issue 4, April 2014, Pages 301–308

 Risk factors of road crash: An empirical analysis among an Italian drivers sample

Olimpia Pino1, Francesco Baldari2, Annalisa Pelosi3, and Giuliano Giucastro4

1 Department of Neurosciences, University of Parma, San Francesco 2, 43121- Parma, Italy
2 Civil Motorization Office, Transport Minister, Chiavari 13, 43100 – Parma, Italy
3 Department of Neurosciences, University of Parma, San Francesco 2, 43121- Parma, Italy
4 Pathological Addiction Operative Unit, AUSL Parma, Roma 41/2, 43013 - Langhirano, PR, Italy

Original language: English

Received 8 February 2014

Copyright © 2014 ISSR Journals. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract


With the aim of increasing information about risk factors for crashes in the area of Parma, North Italy, a total of 1489 road accidents occurred in the year 2008 was analyzed. Logistic regression was used to evaluate the association between drivers, accidents characteristics and accident outcomes (killed, severely, and mildly injured). Age classes much involved in road crash were 26-25 and 36-35 years. Men were much frequently responsible for accident than women. The hourly distribution of crash for working days, Saturday and Sunday showed that the prevalence was higher during the late night hours (0-3 on Sunday and 20-23 on Saturday, respectively). The youngest age class was involved in a greater number of accidents especially on 0-3 time of day class. About half of road crashes was directly attributed to violations. High-speed, alcohol and drug abuse affected only a small portion of cases. The highest combined risk of dying or being severely injured was found in males, driving a motorcycle. These results will influence transport and local safeties measures and policies, which will change inappropriate behaviors of drivers and protect the least experienced road users.

Author Keywords: vehicle accidents, risk variables, driver behavior, accident outcomes.


How to Cite this Article


Olimpia Pino, Francesco Baldari, Annalisa Pelosi, and Giuliano Giucastro, “Risk factors of road crash: An empirical analysis among an Italian drivers sample,” International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies, vol. 5, no. 4, pp. 301–308, April 2014.