International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies
ISSN: 2028-9324     CODEN: IJIABO     OCLC Number: 828807274     ZDB-ID: 2703985-7
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The Korle Lagoon in Distress: The Stress of Urban Solid Waste on Water Bodies in Accra, Ghana

Volume 7, Issue 2, August 2014, Pages 717–728

 The Korle Lagoon in Distress: The Stress of Urban Solid Waste on Water Bodies in Accra, Ghana

Leslie Mawuli Aglanu1 and Divine Odame Appiah2

1 Department of Environmental Governance, University of Freiburg, Germany
2 Department of Geography and Rural Development, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology (KNUST), Kumasi, Ghana

Original language: English

Received 27 June 2014

Copyright © 2014 ISSR Journals. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Human activities on the Korle lagoon have had considerable effects on the water quality and the aquatic life therein. The rapid population growth and its attendant high waste generation, cost of disposal, depletion of landfill space and the difficulty of obtaining new disposal sites have been the major constrains thwarting the effective management of waste in Ghana. This paper examines the water quality of the Korle lagoon through a full physico-chemical analysis and buttressed with secondary data and field observations. The results show variously, the different levels of contamination of certain pollutants such as heavy metals and eutrophic elements. The high dominance of chloride over other elements indicates high domestic activity influences. PO4, NH3 and Na levels also exceeded their acceptable levels. However, levels of other metal investigated (Cu, Zn, Fe and Cd) were all below the maximum levels of the Environmental Protection Agency of Ghana and the World Health Organization guidelines. For the sustainable management of the lagoon, the Accra Metropolitan Assembly in conjunction with the Environmental Protection Agency should evolve sanitation programmes particularly on proper waste management mechanisms as well as propagate these measures through environmental education and stringent regulatory measures.

Author Keywords: Korle Lagoon, sanitation, environmental stress, bioaccumulaion, solid waste.

How to Cite this Article

Leslie Mawuli Aglanu and Divine Odame Appiah, “The Korle Lagoon in Distress: The Stress of Urban Solid Waste on Water Bodies in Accra, Ghana,” International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies, vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 717–728, August 2014.