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International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies
ISSN: 2028-9324     CODEN: IJIABO     OCLC Number: 828807274     ZDB-ID: 2703985-7
 
 
Wednesday 19 June 2019

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Inventory of insects damaging the plants of rice and vectors of diseases in the irrigated area of Bugorhe in Kabare district in the South Kivu Province in East of Democratic Republic of Congo


Volume 7, Issue 2, August 2014, Pages 512–521

 Inventory of insects damaging the plants of rice and vectors of diseases in the irrigated area of Bugorhe in Kabare district in the South Kivu Province in East of Democratic Republic of Congo

Chihire Barhahakana1, RUBABURA Kituta Jean Augustin Kituta2, BAKULIKIRA R3, RUTAKAYINGABO M4, BISIMWA Basengere Espoir5, and Masamba Jean WALANGULULU6

1 Departement de Biologie, Centre de Recherche en Sciences Naturelles, CRSN-Lwiro,D.S.Bukavu, Bukavu, Sud Kivu, RD Congo
2 Departement de Biologie, Centre de Recherche en Sciences Naturelles, CRSN-Lwiro,D.S.Bukavu, Bukavu, Sud Kivu, RD Congo
3 Vegetable Program, National Institute for the studies and Agriculture Researches, INERA-Mulungu, Bukavu, Sud Kivu, RD Congo
4 Department, Higher Institute of Rural Development to Bukavu, ISDR-BUKAVU, Bukavu, Sud Kivu, RD Congo
5 Faculty of Agriculture, Catholic University of Bukavu (U.C.B-BUKAVU), B.P:285/BUKAVU Bukavu, Sud Kivu, RD Congo
6 Faculté des Sciences Agronomiques, Université Catholique de Bukavu, UCB, RD Congo

Original language: English

Received 27 June 2014

Copyright © 2014 ISSR Journals. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract


The study of the insects damaging the crops and vectors of diseases of rice culture in the marshy high land of Bugorhe area in Kabare district in South Kivu province in the East of Democratic Republic of Congo was conducted from August 2012 to December 2013 on the different phases of development of the culture. Samples were collected by means of a harvest spider and a suction device after each three days for a period of three cultural seasons. Information relating to the incidence of insects, frequency and the density of destruction of plants were recorded. The methods of observation and triangulation were adopted at random to select the lots of rice and collect insects. To identify insects, all keys were adopted. Other keys as for comparing species between them, were resorted to determine the number of insects studied, we resorted to the International Rice Research Institute Key. As result we have come up to notice: Insects damaging plants vary in number and quality of the different stages of the growth of rice culture.36 Species of insects have been recorded distributed into 16 families mainly Thripidae, pentatomydae, Coeidae, Cecidomyidae, Diopsidae, Pyralidae, Noctuidae, Acridoidae, Alididae, Delphacidae, Cynipidae, Coccinellidae, Chrysamelidae, Meloidae, Cynipidae, Scarabeidae and 7orders suck as Lepidoptera, Coleoptera, Diptera, Hemiptera, Orthoptera, Thysanoptera, and Heteroptera. All the varieties of rice were attacked by the diseases of Bacteriosis, Pyriculariosis and the Rice Yellow Monttle Virus (RYMV) at the different stages of development of the plant. Species suck Nephottetis spp, are reported to be responsible of the Rice Yellow Mottle Virus (RYMV) and the bacteria as Pseudomonas fuscovaginae and the fugus sarocladium oryzae causes different forms of bacteriosis observed in the rice culture in Bugorhe area.

Author Keywords: Incidence, Damage, Phases of development, Insects vector.


How to Cite this Article


Chihire Barhahakana, RUBABURA Kituta Jean Augustin Kituta, BAKULIKIRA R, RUTAKAYINGABO M, BISIMWA Basengere Espoir, and Masamba Jean WALANGULULU, “Inventory of insects damaging the plants of rice and vectors of diseases in the irrigated area of Bugorhe in Kabare district in the South Kivu Province in East of Democratic Republic of Congo,” International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies, vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 512–521, August 2014.