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International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies
ISSN: 2028-9324     CODEN: IJIABO     OCLC Number: 828807274     ZDB-ID: 2703985-7
 
 
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Heamatological Changes Associated with Gastrointestinal Parasites Infection in Domestic Animals attended to Outpatient Clinic of Faculty of Veterinary Medicine of Diyala University, Iraq


Volume 9, Issue 3, November 2014, Pages 1266–1274

 Heamatological Changes Associated with Gastrointestinal Parasites Infection  in Domestic Animals attended to Outpatient Clinic of Faculty of Veterinary Medicine  of Diyala University, Iraq

Tareq Rifaaht Minnat1, Haleem Hamza Hussain Alzubaidei2, and Ali Ibrahim Ali Al-Ezzy3

1 Department of Internal and Preventive Medicine, Diyala University, Iraq
2 Department of Microbiology and Parasitology, Diyala University, Iraq
3 Department of pathology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Diyala University, Iraq

Original language: English

Received 14 October 2014

Copyright © 2014 ISSR Journals. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract


Background and aim: This study conducted to determine gastrointestinal parasite (GI) infection and evaluation of some heamatological changes in domestic animals .
Methods: One hundred fecal samples and blood were collected (4 camels; 4 horse; 5donkey; 40 cattle; 26 sheep, 18 goats and 3 dogs).
Results: Of the total samples examined,86 (86.0%) were found positive for GI parasites. The hematological changes recorded in sheep, goat and cattle infected by GI parasites show decrease in PCV, Hb, RBCs and Plasma protein while slight increase in WBCs. Prevalence of GI parasite infection was higher (96.15%) in sheep compared with cattle (85.0%) and goats (83.33%). High percentage of infection (100 % / 60%) in horse than donkey was recorded respectively.
Significant difference (P<0.05) was recorded in prevalence of GI parasites among small age group when compared to adults in sheep goats and cattle. Parasites identified in this study includes protozoan Eimeria spp. (95.40%), Nematodes, as Strongyles type of eggs (86.20%), Strongyloides papillosus (47.12%), Parascaris eqiurum (4.59%) and Oxyrius equi (25.0%) . Cestodes (50.57%), as Monieza sp. (48.27%), Monieza expansa (52.38%) Monieza benedeni (47.61%) and Anaplocephalum sp.(2.29%). The percentage of Monieza expansa and Monieza benedeni in sheep was (55.0%), (45.0%) respectively and in Goat (66.66%), (33.33%) while in Cattle (30.0%), (70.0%) respectively. Mixed infection was detected in 73 (84.88%) while single infection was detected in 13 (15.11%) in domestic animals samples.
Conclusion: Mixed infections and young age come in consideration as a cause of hematological changes in farm animals.

Author Keywords: Hematological changes, GI parasites, domestic animal.


How to Cite this Article


Tareq Rifaaht Minnat, Haleem Hamza Hussain Alzubaidei, and Ali Ibrahim Ali Al-Ezzy, “Heamatological Changes Associated with Gastrointestinal Parasites Infection in Domestic Animals attended to Outpatient Clinic of Faculty of Veterinary Medicine of Diyala University, Iraq,” International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies, vol. 9, no. 3, pp. 1266–1274, November 2014.