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International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies
ISSN: 2028-9324     CODEN: IJIABO     OCLC Number: 828807274     ZDB-ID: 2703985-7
 
 
Sunday 29 March 2020

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Chemical Composition and Antimicrobial Analysis of the Pods and Seeds of Cola rostada and Cola nitida


Volume 10, Issue 4, March 2015, Pages 1245–1250

 Chemical Composition and Antimicrobial Analysis of the Pods and Seeds of Cola rostada and Cola nitida

Rose U. B. Ebana1, Comfort Aloysius Etok2, and Uwem Okon Edet3

1 Microbiology and Biotechnology Department, Obong University, Obong Ntak, Etim Ekpo, Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria
2 Microbiology Department, University of Uyo, Uyo, Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria
3 Microbiology and Biotechnology Department, Obong University, Obong Ntak, Etim Ekpo, Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria

Original language: English

Received 12 December 2014

Copyright © 2015 ISSR Journals. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract


The chemical composition of Cola nitida and Cola rostada pods and seeds showed average moisture content of 81.75% whereas the seeds had an average of 54.60%. Crude protein ranged from 9.60-11.91% for the pods and 10.50-11-91% for the seeds. Lipid for both was less than 2%. Fibre of the pod was 15% while that of the seed ranged from 2% to 3.6%. The toxicant levels were generally low. The plants parts had low concentration of heavy metals such as cobalt, cadmium, and lead. The phytochemical components included alkaloids, saponins, tannins, polyphenols, and reducing compounds. The extracts inhibited Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, ?-haemolytic Streptococcus and Klebsiella pneumonia. There is an urgent need to establish the main bioactive agent and to experiment the use of the parts livestock feed.

Author Keywords: Cola nitida, Cola rostada, polyphenols, antimicrobial, phytochemicals.


How to Cite this Article


Rose U. B. Ebana, Comfort Aloysius Etok, and Uwem Okon Edet, “Chemical Composition and Antimicrobial Analysis of the Pods and Seeds of Cola rostada and Cola nitida,” International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies, vol. 10, no. 4, pp. 1245–1250, March 2015.