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International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies
ISSN: 2028-9324     CODEN: IJIABO     OCLC Number: 828807274     ZDB-ID: 2703985-7
 
 
Sunday 19 January 2020

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Phytochemical Screening and Antimicrobial Activity of Nypa fruticans Harvested from Oporo River in the Niger Delta Region of Nigeria


Volume 10, Issue 4, March 2015, Pages 1120–1124

 Phytochemical Screening and Antimicrobial Activity of Nypa fruticans Harvested from Oporo River in the Niger Delta Region of Nigeria

Rose U. B. Ebana1, Comfort Aloysius Etok2, and Uwem Okon Edet3

1 Microbiology and Biotechnology Department, Obong University, Obong Ntak, Etim Ekpo, Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria
2 Microbiology Department, University of Uyo, Uyo, Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria
3 Microbiology and Biotechnology Department, Obong University, Obong Ntak, Etim Ekpo, Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria

Original language: English

Received 12 December 2014

Copyright © 2015 ISSR Journals. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract


First introduced to check coastal erosion, Nypa fruticans has proven to be much more useful. Given the variety of potentials it possess, we decided to analyse the leaves, husks and midveins of this plant for phytochemical bases and also test the antimicrobial property of various extracts against Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumonia, Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus epidermidis and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Phytochemical screening revealed the presence of alkaloids and polyphenols, and absence of tannins and anthraquinones. Aqueous and ethanolic extracts of the midveins, leaves and husks showed good antimicrobial against all the test organisms. Varying concentrations of the ethanolic extract of the leaves revealed that at concentration of 5% and above gave absolute inhibition of E. coli. There is need to reconsider the re-utilization of Nypa Palm in Nigeria.

Author Keywords: Nypa Palm, Polyphenols, Tannins, phytochemicals, Oporo River, Niger Delta.


How to Cite this Article


Rose U. B. Ebana, Comfort Aloysius Etok, and Uwem Okon Edet, “Phytochemical Screening and Antimicrobial Activity of Nypa fruticans Harvested from Oporo River in the Niger Delta Region of Nigeria,” International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies, vol. 10, no. 4, pp. 1120–1124, March 2015.