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International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies
ISSN: 2028-9324     CODEN: IJIABO     OCLC Number: 828807274     ZDB-ID: 2703985-7
 
 
Saturday 17 November 2018

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Estimation of spatial distribution and temporal variability of land surface temperature over Casablanca and the surroundings of the city using different Landat satellite sensor type (TM, ETM+ and OLI)


Volume 11, Issue 1, April 2015, Pages 49–57

 Estimation of spatial distribution and temporal variability of land surface temperature over Casablanca and the surroundings of the city using different Landat satellite sensor type (TM, ETM+ and OLI)

Rida Azmi1, Abderrahim Saadane2, and Ilias Kacimi3

1 Département de Géologie, Université Mohamed V, Rabat, Morocco
2 Département des Sciences de la terre, Ecole Nationale Supérieure des Mines de Rabat, Rabat, Morocco
3 Laboratoire d'Océanologie, Géodynamique et Génie Géologique, Faculté des Sciences Agdal-Rabat, Morocco

Original language: English

Received 7 January 2015

Copyright © 2015 ISSR Journals. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract


Over the last few decades, Casablanca city became the biggest industrial, commercial center in Morocco with rapid urbanization and explosive population growth, more than 4 million people. Urban expansion has reached to suburban areas due to population growth and socio economic development, not to mention the rapid increase of transportation. Result of these changes causes a change of microclimate in urban areas. The most evident phenomenon is the increase of urban surface temperature as compared with suburban areas, "heat island" is formed in the atmospheric boundary above urban area. It could make serious environmental problems for its inhabitants (e.g., urban waterlogged and thermal pollution). Thermal infrared remote sensing bands, proved its capability in monitoring temperature field. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the use of Landsat TM, ETM+, OLI and TIRS data for indicating temperature differences in urban areas, in order to achieve a spatiotemporal study, using data between 1984 and 2014, and showing the relationship between urban expansion and the heat island effect during time, producing maps that shows the distribution of urban temperature. Results can be combined with land use/ land cover maps or thermal-land cover and operated as reference for urban planning and future solutions to reduce heat island effect.

Author Keywords: Landsat series, OLI, TM, ETM+, Heat Island, NDVI, urbanization.


How to Cite this Article


Rida Azmi, Abderrahim Saadane, and Ilias Kacimi, “Estimation of spatial distribution and temporal variability of land surface temperature over Casablanca and the surroundings of the city using different Landat satellite sensor type (TM, ETM+ and OLI),” International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies, vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 49–57, April 2015.