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International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies
ISSN: 2028-9324     CODEN: IJIABO     OCLC Number: 828807274     ZDB-ID: 2703985-7
 
 
Tuesday 27 October 2020

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Livestock and Rural Household Food Security: A Case of Gazipur District of Bangladesh


Volume 12, Issue 3, August 2015, Pages 747–755

 Livestock and Rural Household Food Security: A Case of Gazipur District of Bangladesh

Jabin Afza1, Riffat Ara Zannat Tama2, Ismat Ara Begum3, and Dilshad Zahan Ethen4

1 Department of Agricultural Economics, Faculty of Agricultural Economics and Rural Sociology, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh-2202, Bangladesh
2 Lecturer, Dept. of Agricultural Economics, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh-2202, Bangladesh
3 Dept. of Agricultural Economics, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh-2202, Bangladesh
4 Dept. of Agribusiness and Marketing, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh-2202, Bangladesh

Original language: English

Received 10 April 2015

Copyright © 2015 ISSR Journals. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract


The study was conducted to illuminate the food security status of livestock rearing small farmers in some selected areas of Gazipur district and to examine whether their food security are affected by livestock assets and in what extent. Data were collected from 50 farmers using purposive random sampling method during January-March, 2014. In order to collect data, a questionnaire was administered through face-to-face interviews. Data were analyzed by using descriptive statistics and logit model was used for statistical analysis. The results of descriptive statistics showed that only 4 percent of the sample small farmers crossed the secondary level of education, 14 percent of them were able to sign only and 8 percent of them were illiterate. Agriculture was identified as the main source of income among the sample small farmers and livestock rearing was identified as the subsidiary occupation of them. The descriptive study revealed that 58 percent of their total income came from crop cultivation and 37 percent came from livestock. The food security status of the sample farmers were checked by using recommended minimum calorie requirement (i.e. 2122 kcal). The results of the descriptive analysis revealed that, 50 percent of the sample farmers were food secured and the rest 50 percent were food insecure. The results of the logit model indicated that, out of six variables, four variables- annual income, education level of household head, number of small and large animals had significant positive influence on household's food security. Finally based on findings some policy measures were recommended.

Author Keywords: Food Security, Livestock, Rural Household, Small Farmer.


How to Cite this Article


Jabin Afza, Riffat Ara Zannat Tama, Ismat Ara Begum, and Dilshad Zahan Ethen, “Livestock and Rural Household Food Security: A Case of Gazipur District of Bangladesh,” International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies, vol. 12, no. 3, pp. 747–755, August 2015.