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International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies
ISSN: 2028-9324     CODEN: IJIABO     OCLC Number: 828807274     ZDB-ID: 2703985-7
 
 
Thursday 09 July 2020

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PREVALENCE OF VISUAL IMPAIRMENT AMONG DIABETIC PATIENTS IN THE KUMBA URBAN AREA, CAMEROON


Volume 15, Issue 4, May 2016, Pages 872–876

 PREVALENCE OF VISUAL IMPAIRMENT AMONG DIABETIC PATIENTS IN THE KUMBA URBAN AREA, CAMEROON

Enowntai Nkongho Ayukotang1, David Ben Kumah2, and Abdul - Kabir Mohammed3

1 Department Of Optometry And Visual Science, Kwame Nkrumah University Of Science And Technology, Kumasi, Ghana
2 Department Of Optometry And Visual Science, Kwame Nkrumah University Of Science And Technology, Kumasi, Ghana
3 Department Of Optometry And Visual Science, Kwame Nkrumah University Of Science And Technology, Kumasi, Ghana

Original language: English

Received 7 March 2016

Copyright © 2016 ISSR Journals. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract


The study aimed at determining the prevalence of visual impairment among diabetic patients in the Kumba urban area, South West Region, Cameroon. The descriptive cross-sectional study was hospital -based. Through purposive sampling technique, 84 diabetic patients were selected from three hospitals with Diabetic and Eye Clinics in the Kumba urban area, Cameroon. The participants were taken through visual acuity measurement, ophthalmoscopy, retinoscopy, subjective refraction and slit lamp examinations. Informed consent was signed by the study subjects. Data collected was analyzed using SPSS v. 20. A total of 52.4% were females and 47.6% were males. The total prevalence of visual impairment among diabetics in the area was 17.8% A total of 60.0% of the visually impaired were females and 40.0% being males (p<0.05, 95% CI).The prevalence of ocular conditions among the visually impaired diabetics was 43.3% for cataract, 23.3% for diabetic retinopathy (DR), 16.7% for glaucoma, 13.4% for refractive error and 3.3% for other ocular conditions. This study revealed that the prevalence of visual impairment among diabetic patients in the Kumba urban area, Cameroon was 17.8%. Cataract was the leading ocular condition with 43.3%, present in the visually impaired participants of this study.

Author Keywords: Visual impairment, diabetic patients, prevalence, Eye Clinics, Kumba Cameroon.


How to Cite this Article


Enowntai Nkongho Ayukotang, David Ben Kumah, and Abdul - Kabir Mohammed, “PREVALENCE OF VISUAL IMPAIRMENT AMONG DIABETIC PATIENTS IN THE KUMBA URBAN AREA, CAMEROON,” International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies, vol. 15, no. 4, pp. 872–876, May 2016.