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International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies
ISSN: 2028-9324     CODEN: IJIABO     OCLC Number: 828807274     ZDB-ID: 2703985-7
 
 
Saturday 17 November 2018

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Dietary Intake of Pesticides Based on Import Animal Liver Consumption: A Case Study, Cairo, Egypt


Volume 17, Issue 2, July 2016, Pages 424–431

 Dietary Intake of Pesticides Based on Import Animal Liver Consumption: A Case Study, Cairo, Egypt

Tarek A. Abdel-Rahman1, Fayza A. Sdeek2, and Amany R. Morsy3

1 Central Agricultural Pesticides Laboratory, Agricultural Research Center ARC, Dokki, Giza, Egypt
2 Central Agricultural Pesticides Laboratory, Agricultural Research Center ARC, Dokki, Giza, Egypt
3 Plant Protection Department, Faculty of Agriculture, Benha University, Egypt

Original language: English

Received 28 April 2016

Copyright © 2016 ISSR Journals. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract


A total of 18 pesticides (12 organochlorines, and 6 pyrethroids) in 32 different imported animal liver samples collected from local markets in Cairo governorate in Egypt in different seasons, were detect the contamination of organochlorines and pyrethroids pesticides using Quick, Easy, Cheap, Effective, Rugged, and Safe (QuEChERS) method. The presence of organochlorines and pyrethroids pesticides residues were determined by gas chromatography with electron capture detector (GC-ECD). The results indicated that, the pesticides residues were found in all samples and 2 samples above the maximum residue levels (MRLs). Organochlorine residues had the highest percentage of contamination and violation (i.e. 100 and 6.25%, respectively) in imported animal liver samples, whereas synthetic pyrethroid residues had the lowest percentage of contamination (i.e. 6.25%) while their percentage of violation were 0%. However, the most frequently found pesticides were P,P'-DDE and heptachlor-epoxide while the lowest frequently found pesticides were aldrin, cypermethrin and deltamethrin. Furthermore, the health risk index for heptachlor-epoxide was the greatest which may be due to its physiochemical properties. A potential regular pesticides residues monitoring program in imported animal liver should be conducted to protect the consumers' health.

Author Keywords: Monitoring, dietary intake, animal liver, organochlorine, synthetic pyrethroids, QuEChERS, Egypt.


How to Cite this Article


Tarek A. Abdel-Rahman, Fayza A. Sdeek, and Amany R. Morsy, “Dietary Intake of Pesticides Based on Import Animal Liver Consumption: A Case Study, Cairo, Egypt,” International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies, vol. 17, no. 2, pp. 424–431, July 2016.