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International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies
ISSN: 2028-9324     CODEN: IJIABO     OCLC Number: 828807274     ZDB-ID: 2703985-7
 
 
Saturday 17 November 2018

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Antifungal activity of oregano essential oil and thymol against some fungi isolated from corn grains


Volume 17, Issue 4, September 2016, Pages 1120–1124

 Antifungal activity of oregano essential oil and thymol against some fungi isolated from corn grains

Latifa Boudine1, Bouchra Louaste2, Noureddine Eloutassi3, Najat Chami4, Fouzia Chami5, and Adnane Remmal6

1 Department of Biology, Laboratory of Biotechnology and Molecular Biology, Faculty of Science, DharMhraz, Fez, Morocco
2 Laboratoire de Biotechnologie et de Biologie Moléculaire, Faculté des Sciences Dhar Mahraz, Fès, Morocco
3 Laboratoire des Sciences de la vie, Centre Régional des Métiers de l'Education et de la Formation/CRMEF/BP 49/30000/VN, Fès, Morocco
4 Laboratoire de Biotechnologie, Université Sidi Mohamed Ben Abdellah, Faculté des Sciences Dhar Mahraz, Fès, Morocco
5 Laboratoire de Biotechnologie, Université Sidi Mohamed Ben Abdellah, Faculté des Sciences Dhar Mahraz, Fès, Morocco
6 Laboratoire de Biotechnologie, Université Sidi Mohamed Ben Abdellah, Faculté des Sciences Dhar Mahraz, Fès, Morocco

Original language: English

Received 1 May 2016

Copyright © 2016 ISSR Journals. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract


The development of fungi in stored grains present a health risk to customers due to their ability to produce and accumulate mycotoxins. Then, chemical antifungal agents are applied to grains to reduce their contamination by molds. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the antifungal potency of oregano essential oil and thymol on some species of fungi involved in corn spoilage. Molds were isolated, and then identified by their macroscopic and microscopic characteristics after cultivation on standard media. The antifungal activity of oregano essential oil and tymol was conducted by broth dilution method. The mold species isolated were Aspergillus niger, Aspergillus flavus, Penicillium sp., Fusarium sp., and Mucor sp. Oregano essential oil and thymol demonstrate an antifungal effect against all these isolates. These compounds may be useful as alternative in limiting or preventing the development of harmful fungi and mycotoxins in food.

Author Keywords: Fungi, corn, oregano essential oil, thymol, antifungal activity.


How to Cite this Article


Latifa Boudine, Bouchra Louaste, Noureddine Eloutassi, Najat Chami, Fouzia Chami, and Adnane Remmal, “Antifungal activity of oregano essential oil and thymol against some fungi isolated from corn grains,” International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies, vol. 17, no. 4, pp. 1120–1124, September 2016.