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International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies
ISSN: 2028-9324     CODEN: IJIABO     OCLC Number: 828807274     ZDB-ID: 2703985-7
 
 
Tuesday 20 November 2018

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CAMEROONIAN STRATEGIC CULTURE OF MILITARY ELITE IN FRONT OF FIGHTING AGAINST BOKO HARAM


[ LA CULTURE STRATEGIQUE DE L’ELITE MILITAIRE CAMEROUNAISE A L’EPREUVE DE LA LUTTE CONTRE BOKO HARAM ]

Volume 19, Issue 4, March 2017, Pages 886–896

 CAMEROONIAN STRATEGIC CULTURE OF MILITARY ELITE IN FRONT OF FIGHTING AGAINST BOKO HARAM

Aïcha PEMBOURA1

1 Département de science politique, Université de Yaoundé II, Cameroon

Original language: French

Received 20 May 2016

Copyright © 2017 ISSR Journals. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract


The study of strategic culture as a set of traditional practices and habits of thought that, in a society, governing the organization and the use of military force to serve political objectives proves important in the context Africa in general and Cameroon in particular. Indeed, when the Cameroonian elite military waged a relentless war against the Boko Haram group in Cameroon, the goal of this article is to see how constructivism through strategic culture gradually acquired by the elite since independence by through training, enabling it to conduct a difficult battle against terrorism. It appears therefore that the formation of the strategic culture of the Cameroonian military elite is marked with the seal, first the pluralism of French foreign models, including China and the US, on the other hand, the dynamics of reinterpretation of influences Foreign or invention of a hybrid type. Since independence, the Cameroonian military elite internalizes and externalizes multiple military practices that today are operationalized on the front through hybridization of strategic paradigms both internal and external and unprecedented capacity innovation against the terrorist threat.

Author Keywords: constructivism, hybridization, terrorism, operationalization, influences.


Abstract: (french)


L’étude de la culture stratégique entendue comme un ensemble de pratiques traditionnelles et des habitudes de pensée qui, dans une société, gouvernent l’organisation et l’emploi de la force militaire au service d’objectifs politiques s’avère important dans le contexte africain en général et camerounais en particulier. En effet, au moment où l’élite militaire camerounaise mène une guerre acharnée contre le groupe boko haram au Cameroun, l’objectif de cet article est de voir grâce au constructivisme comment la culture stratégique acquise progressivement par cette élite depuis l’indépendance par le biais de la formation lui permet aujourd’hui de mener une difficile bataille contre le terrorisme. Il apparait dès lors que la formation de la culture stratégique de l’élite militaire camerounaise est marquée du sceau, d’une part du pluralisme des modèles étrangers français, chinois et américains notamment, d’autre part, de la dynamique de réinterprétation des influences étrangères et d’invention d’un type hybride. Depuis l’indépendance, l’élite militaire camerounaise extériorise et intériorise des pratiques militaires multiples qui sont aujourd’hui opérationnalisées au front à travers une hybridation de paradigmes stratégiques à la fois internes et externes et une capacité inédite d’innovation face à la menace terroriste.

Author Keywords: constructivisme, hybridation, terrorisme, opérationnalisation, influence.


How to Cite this Article


Aïcha PEMBOURA, “CAMEROONIAN STRATEGIC CULTURE OF MILITARY ELITE IN FRONT OF FIGHTING AGAINST BOKO HARAM,” International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies, vol. 19, no. 4, pp. 886–896, March 2017.