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International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies
ISSN: 2028-9324     CODEN: IJIABO     OCLC Number: 828807274     ZDB-ID: 2703985-7
 
 
Tuesday 25 September 2018

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Geomorphological analysis and estimating the water potential in the region of Sahel Doukkala (Morocco)


Volume 19, Issue 1, January 2017, Pages 242–251

 Geomorphological analysis and estimating the water potential in the region of Sahel Doukkala (Morocco)

Vivien Romaric Ekouele Mbaki1, Ahmed Boukdir2, Pavely Menga Okandza3, Abdellah Mahboul4, Mohamed Hilali5, and Abdelhamid Zitouni6

1 Department of Geology, Faculty of Science and technology, Sultan Moulay Slimane University, Morocco
2 Department of Geology, Faculty of Science and technology, Sultan Moulay Slimane University, Morocco
3 Chemical Engineering Department, Teesside University, School of Science and Engineering, Middleborough, England
4 Agence du basin hydraulique de l’Oum Er Rbia, Beni Mellal, Morocco
5 Department of Earth Sciences, Moulay Ismail University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Er-Rachidia, Morocco
6 Department of Geology, Faculty of Science and technology, Sultan Moulay Slimane University, Morocco

Original language: English

Received 19 July 2016

Copyright © 2017 ISSR Journals. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract


The use of water resources is steadily increasing with respect to the population growth. This theory also applies in the Kingdom of Morocco specifically in the Sahel-Doukkala region and therefore requires special attention as the water resources are in limited quantity. For industrial, agricultural and domestic reasons, aquifers of this region are subjected to excessive pumping, resulting in environmental harms such as declining groundwater level, which considerably affects both its quality and quantity. The agency of Oued Oum Er R'bia watershed has therefore established a number of strategies for a proper management of those aquifers among which an artificial aquifer recharge to reduce this imbalance; preventing irreversible degradation. This paper is thus devoted to explore solutions that can help characterizing components of the hydrological system of the region in order to determine the potential areas of surface water for its possible remobilization. With an area of 7700 Km2, the semi-arid characteristics and the endoreism at certain location of the region, the geomorphological analysis from digital elevation model (DEM) and the modified equation of Beven-Kirkby index allowed us to locate useful wet and hydromorphic soils from their physical properties revealing remarkable traces of a regular water saturation.

Author Keywords: Digital elevation model (DEM), wetness index, semi-arid, endoreism, sustainable management.


How to Cite this Article


Vivien Romaric Ekouele Mbaki, Ahmed Boukdir, Pavely Menga Okandza, Abdellah Mahboul, Mohamed Hilali, and Abdelhamid Zitouni, “Geomorphological analysis and estimating the water potential in the region of Sahel Doukkala (Morocco),” International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies, vol. 19, no. 1, pp. 242–251, January 2017.