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International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies
ISSN: 2028-9324     CODEN: IJIABO     OCLC Number: 828807274     ZDB-ID: 2703985-7
 
 
Tuesday 17 July 2018

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Reserves Evaluation of Kisanga II aquifer at Lubumbashi (DR Congo)


Volume 19, Issue 2, February 2017, Pages 339–348

 Reserves Evaluation of Kisanga II aquifer at Lubumbashi (DR Congo)

J. Nsenga Ilunga1, A. Matete Milongwenu2, F. Upite Mastaki3, Guellord Sangwa Kiteba4, and A. Mbuyu Numbi5

1 Department of Geography, University of Lubumbashi, BP 1825, Lubumbashi, RD Congo
2 Department of Geography, University of Lubumbashi, BP 1825, Lubumbashi, RD Congo
3 Department of Geography, University of Lubumbashi, BP 1825, Lubumbashi, RD Congo
4 Department of Geography, University of Lubumbashi, BP 1825, Lubumbashi, RD Congo
5 Department of Geography, University of Lubumbashi, BP 1825, Lubumbashi, RD Congo

Original language: English

Received 27 July 2016

Copyright © 2017 ISSR Journals. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract


Nowadays, the management of water capital becomes an alarming situation, worrying the authorities of many countries. The purpose of this study is to assess the capacity of the Kisanga II aquifer in order to serve the population of the city of Lubumbashi with water of sufficient quality and quantity in order to reduce the shortage of water. Hydrological observations were made over a period from 2014 to 2015. They reveal the behavior of the aquifer during the critical periods (dry season, dry episodes). From these observations, the authors describe the morphological and morphometric characteristics of the catchment drained by the river KISANGA II; evaluate the reserves of the aquifer of the basin, using the flood hydrograph raised by them; Then they discuss the significance of these results obtained by applying the empirical formulas of MAILLET & WERNER, TISON & DUNSQUIT and then explain the index of storage and the rate of renewal; establishing the optimum conditions for the use of this aquifer in case of abusive exploitation and finally providing advice to the managers.

Author Keywords: aquifer, hydrological observation, morphological and morphometric characteristics, basin, flood hydrograph.


How to Cite this Article


J. Nsenga Ilunga, A. Matete Milongwenu, F. Upite Mastaki, Guellord Sangwa Kiteba, and A. Mbuyu Numbi, “Reserves Evaluation of Kisanga II aquifer at Lubumbashi (DR Congo),” International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies, vol. 19, no. 2, pp. 339–348, February 2017.