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International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies
ISSN: 2028-9324     CODEN: IJIABO     OCLC Number: 828807274     ZDB-ID: 2703985-7
 
 
Tuesday 25 September 2018

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Heterosis Evaluation on Chlorophyll and Carotenoid Content Characters in Crosses Soybean (Glycine Max L. Merril) Petek and Jayawijaya Varieties


Volume 19, Issue 2, February 2017, Pages 252–259

 Heterosis Evaluation on Chlorophyll and Carotenoid Content Characters in Crosses Soybean (Glycine Max L. Merril) Petek and Jayawijaya Varieties

Nerty Soverda1

1 Department of Agroecotechnology, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Jambi Jalan Raya Mendalo Darat, KM 15, Jambi 36361, Indonesia

Original language: English

Received 27 July 2016

Copyright © 2017 ISSR Journals. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract


This study aimed to evaluate the effect of heterosis on chlorophyll and carotenoid content in a hybrid soybean. This study used two genotype of the elders, and two genotypes of F1 and F1R a hybrid varieties Petek x Jayawijaya. Petek and Jayawijaya were tolerant and sensitive to shade respectively. Observed variables were the content of chlorophyll, carotenoids, plant height, number of pods per plant, seed weight per plant and weight of 100 seeds. Heterobeltiosis value and the highest positive heterosis found in the character of pods per plant and pods per plant ranged contains 75-77% for mid parent and 41-45% for high parent, while the influence of the female elders are not present in the character of chlorophyll and carotenoid contents, plant height, number of pods per plant, seed weight per plant, weight of 100 seeds. The result of the research showed that there is no correlation between either chlorophyll or carotenoids content and other variables.

Author Keywords: heterosis, soybean, chlorophyll and carotenoid.


How to Cite this Article


Nerty Soverda, “Heterosis Evaluation on Chlorophyll and Carotenoid Content Characters in Crosses Soybean (Glycine Max L. Merril) Petek and Jayawijaya Varieties,” International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies, vol. 19, no. 2, pp. 252–259, February 2017.