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International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies
ISSN: 2028-9324     CODEN: IJIABO     OCLC Number: 828807274     ZDB-ID: 2703985-7
 
 
Friday 06 December 2019

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Optimizing the Dyeing Process of Wool/Nylon Blend Fabric Pretreated with Protease Enzyme Using Cutch Natural Dye


Volume 19, Issue 3, February 2017, Pages 708–716

 Optimizing the Dyeing Process of Wool/Nylon Blend Fabric Pretreated with Protease Enzyme Using Cutch Natural Dye

A.I. Waly1, M.M. Marie2, M.F. Shahin3, and N.M.S. Faroun4

1 Textile Research Division, National Research Center, Cairo, Egypt
2 Textile Printing, Dyeing and Finishing Dept., Faculty of Applied Arts, Helwan University, Giza, Egypt
3 Textile Printing, Dyeing and Finishing Dept., Faculty of Applied Arts, Helwan University, Giza, Egypt
4 Textile Printing, Dyeing and Finishing Department, Faculty of Applied Arts, Helwan University, Cairo, Egypt

Original language: English

Received 31 August 2016

Copyright © 2017 ISSR Journals. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract


Surface modification of wool/nylon blended fabric was carried out with protease enzyme to improve their dyeabilities to natural dyes. Cutch (Acacia Catechu) was selected and used in this study. The effect of enzyme concentration on the dye uptake (K/S) was studied at fixed treatment conditions: pH, temperature and treatment time. The obtained results of K/S were compared to the corresponding values obtained for the control samples which were dyed without enzymatic pretreatment. Treatment with protease was found to increase the absorption capacity of both wool and nylon fibers to the natural dye leading to higher K/S compared to untreated samples. The dyeing parameters were also studied including, dyeing pH, temperature, time and mordant concentration along with concentration of dispersing agent. The colour strength was observed to increase by increasing the pH of dye bath, temperature and concentration of dispersing agent, which may be attributed to increasing dye solubility and as a result the rate of diffusion and penetration of the dye inside the fibers of both nylon and wool. Fastness properties to washing, perspiration and light were also assessed and were observed to range between good and excellent.

Author Keywords: Wool/ nylon, blend, protease, natural dye, cutch, dyeing.


How to Cite this Article


A.I. Waly, M.M. Marie, M.F. Shahin, and N.M.S. Faroun, “Optimizing the Dyeing Process of Wool/Nylon Blend Fabric Pretreated with Protease Enzyme Using Cutch Natural Dye,” International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies, vol. 19, no. 3, pp. 708–716, February 2017.