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International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies
ISSN: 2028-9324     CODEN: IJIABO     OCLC Number: 828807274     ZDB-ID: 2703985-7
 
 
Thursday 15 November 2018

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Nutritional and toxic substances from tubers of three wild food plants consumed in the province of Tshopo (DR Congo)


[ Substances nutritives et toxiques des tubercules de trois plantes alimentaires sauvages consommées dans la province de la Tshopo (RD Congo) ]

Volume 21, Issue 2, September 2017, Pages 291–297

 Nutritional and toxic substances from tubers of three wild food plants consumed in the province of Tshopo (DR Congo)

E. Solomo1, C. Termote2, W.B. Tchatchambe3, T.B. Malombo4, L. Katusi5, and D. Dhed’a6

1 Departement des sciences Biotechnologiques, Faculté des Sciences, B.P.2012, Université de Kisangani, RD Congo
2 Bioversity International, Rome, Italy
3 Departement des sciences Biotechnologiques, Faculté des Sciences, B.P.2012, Université de Kisangani, RD Congo
4 Centre de la surveillance de la biodiversité, Faculté des sciences, B.P. 2012, Université de Kisangani, RD Congo
5 Département d’Écologie et Gestion des Ressources Végétales, Faculté des Sciences, B.P. 2012 Kisangani, Université de Kisangani, RD Congo
6 Departement des sciences Biotechnologiques, Faculté des Sciences, B.P.2012, Université de Kisangani, RD Congo

Original language: French

Received 15 February 2017

Copyright © 2017 ISSR Journals. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract


A study on the nutritional and toxic substances of three wild food plants consumed in the Tshopo province of the Democratic Republic of Congo was made before cooking. It appears from this study that these berries may constitute dietary supplements of value as regards the crude protein, fat, calcium, magnesium, iron, phosphorus, and vitamins. However, many of these plants may also contain toxic substances (oxalates) or undesirable substances (tannins and saponins). All these results justify the use of these plants by the population in Tshopo province.

Author Keywords: Colocasia esculenta, Dioscorea alata, Xanthosoma sagittifolium, Wild food plants, Nutritional, Toxic.


Abstract: (french)


Une étude sur la composition en substances nutritive et toxique de trois plantes alimentaires sauvages consommées dans la province de la Tshopo en République Démocratique du Congo a été effectuée avant cuisson. Il ressort de cette étude que ces tubercules sauvages peuvent constituer des compléments alimentaires de valeur en ce qui concerne les protéines brutes, les lipides, le calcium, le magnésium, le fer, le phosphore et les vitamines. Cependant, beaucoup de ces plantes contiennent parfois également des substances toxiques (oxalates) ou indésirables (tanins et saponines). L’ensemble de ces résultats justifie la consommation de ces plantes par la population des environs de la province de la Tshopo.

Author Keywords: Colocasia esculenta, Dioscorea alata, Xanthosoma sagittifolium, plantes alimentaires sauvages, nutritives, Toxique.


How to Cite this Article


E. Solomo, C. Termote, W.B. Tchatchambe, T.B. Malombo, L. Katusi, and D. Dhed’a, “Nutritional and toxic substances from tubers of three wild food plants consumed in the province of Tshopo (DR Congo),” International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies, vol. 21, no. 2, pp. 291–297, September 2017.