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International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies
ISSN: 2028-9324     CODEN: IJIABO     OCLC Number: 828807274     ZDB-ID: 2703985-7
 
 
Monday 10 December 2018

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Cocoa Beans Fermentation Degree Assessment For Quality Control Using Machine Vision and Multiclass SVM Classifier


Volume 24, Issue 4, November 2018, Pages 1711–1717

 Cocoa Beans Fermentation Degree Assessment For Quality Control Using Machine Vision and Multiclass SVM Classifier

YRO Aubain1, N’ZI Edié Camille2, and KPALMA Kidiyo3

1 Electronique et Electricité Appliquées, Institut National Polytechnique Félix Houphouët-Boigny, Yamoussoukro, Côte d’Ivoire
2 Electronique et Electricité Appliquées, Institut National Polytechnique Félix Houphouët-Boigny, Yamoussoukro, Côte d’Ivoire
3 Institut d'Electronique et Télécommunications, Institut National des Sciences Appliquées, CS 70839 - 35 708 Rennes Cedex 7, France

Original language: English

Received 23 July 2018

Copyright © 2018 ISSR Journals. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract


Traditionally, a cut-test is used to assess the cocoa fermentation degree for a quality control aims. However, this method is subjective and presents several drawbacks. In this paper, a reliable machine vision system was proposed to automatically identify and classify cocoa beans (Theobroma cacao L.). The approach developed in this study uses color features and a support vector machine-based method for cocoa beans classification according to the fermentation degree. To outline this approach, firstly, images were acquired, and beans were separately identified from the background. After that, color features were extracted in each component of RGB, HSV and YCbCr color spaces and were used to describe cocoa beans fermentation degree. Then, a selection procedure of the best cocoa beans descriptor combination was developed. Finally, SVM model was built to discriminate unfermented, partly fermented and well fermented cocoa beans. This model was 10-fold cross-validated to ensure its stability. Using selected descriptors, our approach had a discrimination rate of 100% in both training and prediction set. The results show that, machine vision system coupled with SVM model can rapidly, accurately, and reliably discriminate cocoa beans according to the fermentation degree compared to the traditional classification methods.

Author Keywords: Cocoa beans, fermentation, classification, machine vision, SVM.


How to Cite this Article


YRO Aubain, N’ZI Edié Camille, and KPALMA Kidiyo, “Cocoa Beans Fermentation Degree Assessment For Quality Control Using Machine Vision and Multiclass SVM Classifier,” International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies, vol. 24, no. 4, pp. 1711–1717, November 2018.