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International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies
ISSN: 2028-9324     CODEN: IJIABO     OCLC Number: 828807274     ZDB-ID: 2703985-7
 
 
Monday 10 December 2018

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Ageing is a contributing factor to excess weight in adult First Nations living on the reserves of British Columbia, Canada


Volume 25, Issue 1, December 2018, Pages 461–470

 Ageing is a contributing factor to excess weight in adult First Nations living on the reserves of British Columbia, Canada

Victor Buhendwa Mirindi1 and Kalum Muray2

1 Professeur associé, Départment de nutrition, Institut Supérieur des Techniques Médicales de Bukavu, Province du Sud-Kivu, RD Congo
2 Université Laurentienne, Faculté de la santé, RD Congo

Original language: English

Received 30 August 2018

Copyright © 2018 ISSR Journals. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract


Background: Excess weight (EW) a public health problem in First Nations living on the reserves of British Columbia (BC). EW is a multifactorial condition involving biological, genetic, cultural and environmental and sociodemographic and lifestyle factors. We hypothesize that age is a risk factor of excess weight in that population. The objective of this study was to determine whether age is an important factor to be considered in interventions aiming to prevent or manage excess weight, specifically obesity. Method: A cross-sectional study on data collected in 2008 and 2009 through a research study named “First Nations Food, Nutrition and Environment Study” (FNFNES), aiming to document the nutritional status and exposure to contaminants in Canadian First Nations communities living south of the 60th parallel. Three level’s random sampling: province, communities and households. 493 women and 356 men aged 19 years and over were randomly selected from households in 20 communities. The statistical analysis software (SAS 9.1) was used to carry out univariate, bivariate and multivariate analysis. Results: Association between excess weight and age was observed only in women. As compared to reference age group (19 – 30years), obesity was increased 2.2 times in the 31 to 50 years age category and 4.2 times in the 50 to 70 years category. Similar trend was observed for overweight which augmented 1.06 and 1.28 times respectively in the 31 to 50 years and 51 to 70 years categories. No association was observed in men. Conclusions: EW was associated to age in the FN women. In men, although no significant association was seen between the two variables, the prevalence of EW increased with age in bivariate analysis. Policies aiming reduction of excess weight should be implemented in early life, in childhood, for a healthier and safer adulthood.

Author Keywords: excess weight, overweight, obesity, age, sociodemographic factors, First Nations, British Columbia, Canada.


How to Cite this Article


Victor Buhendwa Mirindi and Kalum Muray, “Ageing is a contributing factor to excess weight in adult First Nations living on the reserves of British Columbia, Canada,” International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies, vol. 25, no. 1, pp. 461–470, December 2018.