International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies
ISSN: 2028-9324     CODEN: IJIABO     OCLC Number: 828807274     ZDB-ID: 2703985-7
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Substrate preparation for Agaricus bisporus cultivation

Volume 25, Issue 4, March 2019, Pages 1137–1150

 Substrate preparation for Agaricus bisporus cultivation

Paolo Contò1, Paolo Giandon2, Mariachiara Zennaro3, Chiara Facca4, and Bruno Pavoni5

1 Local Waste Authority, Treviso, Italy
2 Environmental Protection Agency of Veneto Region, Treviso, Italy
3 Department of Environmental Sciences, Informatics and Statistics, Ca’ Foscari University of Venice, Italy
4 Department of Environmental Sciences, Informatics and Statistics, Ca’ Foscari University of Venice, Italy
5 Dipartimento di Scienze Ambientali, Informatica e Statistica, Università Ca' Foscari Venezia, Dorsoduro 2137, Venice 30123, Italy

Original language: English

Received 15 January 2019

Copyright © 2019 ISSR Journals. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Mushroom cultivation needs a selected organic substrate obtained during a composting process which is, in some aspects, quite different from the classical one. The aim is to analyse chemical and physical aspects of a composting process for mushroom cultivation in order to point out the peculiar characteristics, which enable a much faster preparation of the substrate. Raw materials were straw, chicken manure, gypsum and ammonium sulphate. In a very short time (11-13 days) the process led to a well-stabilised biomass, as it was shown by humification indexes, C/N ratio trend, organic carbon oxidation and ammonia nitrogen concentration decrease. In comparison to the classical composting procedure, a lower level of ammonia nitrogen and an organic nitrogen enrichment were present in the compost for mushroom cultivation. In addition, the high level of the substrate moisture, more than 75%, well above the limit normally recommended, has probably favoured the microbial growth rendering the process more efficient and faster.

Author Keywords: Agaricus bisporus, biooxidation, C/N ratio, humification, mushroom, water loss.

How to Cite this Article

Paolo Contò, Paolo Giandon, Mariachiara Zennaro, Chiara Facca, and Bruno Pavoni, “Substrate preparation for Agaricus bisporus cultivation,” International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies, vol. 25, no. 4, pp. 1137–1150, March 2019.