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International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies
ISSN: 2028-9324     CODEN: IJIABO     OCLC Number: 828807274     ZDB-ID: 2703985-7
 
 
Sunday 09 August 2020

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States and perspectives for mitigating conflicts between human and wildlife: Case of the south-western of the Dja faunal reserve (Cameroon)


[ États des lieux et perspectives d’atténuation des conflits homme-faune: Cas de la partie Sud-Ouest de la réserve de faune du Dja (Cameroun) ]

Volume 29, Issue 3, June 2020, Pages 650–660

 States and perspectives for mitigating conflicts between human and wildlife: Case of the south-western of the Dja faunal reserve (Cameroon)

Elvis Mouyakan A MOUMBOCK1, Mbezele Junior Yannick NGABA2, and MAMADOU Lamo Martial3

1 Departement de foresterie, Institut de Recherche Agricole pour le Développement (IRAD), Meyomessala, Sud, Cameroon
2 Departement de foresterie (FAFU), Université de foresterie et d’agriculture de Fujian, Fuzhou, Fujian, China
3 Department de foresterie, Institut Supérieur d’Agronomie de Bertoua (ISA), Bertoua, Est, Cameroon

Original language: French

Received 12 May 2020

Copyright © 2020 ISSR Journals. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract


The Dja Faunal Reserve has a significant role in environment/wildlife conservation because of the biodiversity it contains. However, competition between humans and animals for resources leads to human-wildlife conflicts. The overall objective of this study was to contribute to the improvement of human-wildlife conflicts management in the southwestern periphery of the Dja Faunal Reserve. A total of 95 peoples were interviewed in 8 villages using stratified random sampling. The aim was to collect information on the species responsible for the damage, the crops devastated, conflict causes, and impacts of human-wildlife conflicts. This study shows that the loss and fragmentation of wildlife habitats (57%), changes in feeding behaviour due to the proximity of plantations (39%) and the increase in the size of riparian populations (4%) are the main causes of human-wildlife conflicts. Majority of the conflicts were due to wildlife attacks on crops (91%) and often happened at night (70%). Rodents were the main animal species responsible for the damage including hedgehogs (20%), porcupines (18%) and palm rats (11%). The economic losses due to human-wildlife conflicts were estimated at 20 339 335 to 28 597 740 Franc CFA per year. Several suggestions were made, including raising public awareness of the ban on occupying reserved and classified areas, and revising law No. 94/01 to take into account the management of human-wildlife conflicts.

Author Keywords: Human-wildlife conflicts, riparian populations, Dja wildlife reserve.


Abstract: (french)


La réserve de faune du Dja (RFD) est d’une importance capitale pour la conservation en raison de l’importante biodiversité qu’elle regorge. Toutefois, la compétition entre l’homme et les animaux pour les ressources entrainent des conflits homme-faune (CHF). L’objectif de cette étude visait à contribuer à l’amélioration de la gestion des conflits homme-faune dans la périphérie Sud-Ouest de la réserve de faune du Dja. Un échantillonnage aléatoire stratifié nous a permis de sélectionner 8 villages où quatre-vingt-quinze personnes ont été interrogées. Il ressort de cette étude que la perte et la fragmentation des habitats de la faune (57%), le changement de comportement alimentaire des animaux dû à la proximité des plantations (39%) et l’augmentation de la taille des populations riveraines (4%) sont les causes principales des CHF. La majorité des conflits était due aux attaques de la faune sauvage sur les cultures (91%) et étaient effectuées durant la nuit (70%). Les rongeurs étaient les principales espèces animales responsables des dégâts notamment le hérisson (20%), le porc épic (18%), le rat palmiste (11%). Les pertes économiques dues aux conflits homme-faune ont été estimé à 20 339 335 à 28 597 740 franc CFA par an.

Author Keywords: Conflits homme-faune, populations riveraines, réserve de faune du Dja.


How to Cite this Article


Elvis Mouyakan A MOUMBOCK, Mbezele Junior Yannick NGABA, and MAMADOU Lamo Martial, “States and perspectives for mitigating conflicts between human and wildlife: Case of the south-western of the Dja faunal reserve (Cameroon),” International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies, vol. 29, no. 3, pp. 650–660, June 2020.