International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies
ISSN: 2028-9324     CODEN: IJIABO     OCLC Number: 828807274     ZDB-ID: 2703985-7
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Population movements and the persistence of crises between the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Uganda and Rwanda

[ Mouvements des populations et persistance des crises entre la République Démocratique du Congo, l’Ouganda et le Rwanda ]

Volume 30, Issue 1, July 2020, Pages 321–335

 Population movements and the persistence of crises between the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Uganda and Rwanda

Sylvia KAVIRA MUYISA1, Ngumbi Kitete Casimir2, and Kadony Nguway Kpalaingu3

1 Assistante, UNIVERSITE DE BUNIA, RD Congo
2 Professeur, Université de Kisangani, RD Congo
3 Professeur Ordinaire, Université de Lubumbashi, RD Congo

Original language: French

Received 5 June 2020

Copyright © 2020 ISSR Journals. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


There is an explicit link between the historical evolution of migratory movements, their social and economic significance, the various phases of the development of states and the stability of the relationships between individuals and states sharing common borders. The starting point of this study is motivated by the denaturalization of reality by political actors through inappropriate responses, based on mixed considerations of the migrations of Rwandans and of Hutu or Tutsi peoples living in the DRC compared to Ugandan nationals. On the one hand, most of them move between these three states and invade agro-pastoral and mining lands in fertile or mining areas, especially in the DRC. Our study aims to identify the causes of the persistence of the crises between the DRC, Uganda and Rwanda, which crises are linked to the multiple migratory movements of their respective nationals. In practical terms, we will determine the characteristics of the migratory movements between the three states and present the causes of this persistence of the crises. We have identified direct and indirect causes, among which uncontrolled migration by clandestine routes constitute a major cause of the security crises between these three states.

Author Keywords: Migration governance, crisis, borders, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Uganda, Rwanda.

Abstract: (french)

Il existe un lien explicite entre l’évolution historique des mouvements migratoires, leur signification sociale et économique, les diverses phases du développement des Etats et la stabilité des rapports entre individus et Etats partageant les frontières communes. Le point de départ de cette étude se trouve motivé par la dénaturalisation de la réalité par les acteurs politiques à travers des réponses non adaptées, fondées sur des considérations mitigées des migrations des rwandais et des peuples hutus ou tutsis vivant en RDC par rapport aux ressortissants ougandais. D’une part, la plupart d’entre eux se déplacent entre ces trois Etats et envahissent les terres agro-pastorales et minières dans les zones fertiles ou minières, surtout en RDC. Notre étude vise à identifier les causes de la persistance des crises entre la RDC, l’Ouganda et le Rwanda, lesquelles crises sont liées aux multiples mouvements migratoires de leurs ressortissants respectifs. De façon pratique, nous allons déterminer les caractéristiques des mouvements migratoires entre les trois Etats et présenter les causes de cette persistance des crises. Nous avons relevé des causes directes et indirectes, parmi lesquelles les migrations incontrôlées par des voies clandestines constituent une cause majeure des crises sécuritaires entre ces trois Etats.

Author Keywords: Gouvernance migratoire, crises, frontières, République Démocratique du Congo, Ouganda, Rwanda.

How to Cite this Article

Sylvia KAVIRA MUYISA, Ngumbi Kitete Casimir, and Kadony Nguway Kpalaingu, “Population movements and the persistence of crises between the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Uganda and Rwanda,” International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies, vol. 30, no. 1, pp. 321–335, July 2020.