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International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies
ISSN: 2028-9324     CODEN: IJIABO     OCLC Number: 828807274     ZDB-ID: 2703985-7
 
 
Sunday 25 August 2019

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Importance of the Meskat system and its landscape insertion through the olive groves of Sousse Region (Tunisian Sahel)


Volume 4, Issue 2, October 2013, Pages 382–386

 Importance of the Meskat system and its landscape insertion through the olive groves of Sousse Region (Tunisian Sahel)

Asma Ben Salem1, Rajouene Majdoub2, Youssef M'Sadak3, and Slaheddine Khlifi4

1 Department of Horticultural Engineering Systems and Natural Environment, University of Sousse, High Institute of Agronomy of Chott Meriem, Chott Meriem, Sousse, Tunisia
2 Department of Horticultural Engineering Systems and Natural Environment, University of Sousse, High Institute of Agronomy of Chott Meriem, Chott Meriem, Sousse, Tunisia
3 Department of the Genius of the Horticultural Systems and the Natural Environment, Higher Agronomic Institute of Chott-Mariem, University of Sousse, Tunisia
4 Department of Management and Environment, University of Jendouba, High School of Engineers of Rural Equipment, Medjez El Bab, Beja, Tunisia

Original language: English

Received 27 July 2013

Copyright © 2013 ISSR Journals. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract


The present work aims to study the importance of the hydrological Meskat system and its landscape insertion through the olive groves of Sousse region. The inventory of the anti-erosion works reveals that the management of watersheds by the Meskat system was performed on approximately 44 000 ha, so, 40.5% of the supported area of the region by the erosion control structures (108 500 ha). This is an architectural and hydraulic heritage with a good quality rural landscape. This work aims to minimize the soil losses, to capture the surface runoff, to increase the soil fertility and to improve the crop yields.
The current landscape of Meskats is an old as well as a current farmer's work. There is a richness conceded by the ancestors to their descendants. But this heritage is, in some cases, badly preserved. It should be noted that if, in the past, olive-tree left to the reconquest of the lowest parts of the hills to take advantage of the runoff, in the present, the urban population is looking for a natural landscape, is leaving to the reconquest of the hills (impluviums) to enjoy a world of pleasant views over the surrounding agricultural landscape, which risk the peril. However, the Meskat system remains the essential component of the territory organization, of the olive oil production and of the suburban and rural landscapes in Tunisian Sahel.

Author Keywords: Meskat system, Olive groves, Rain mode, Landscape insertion, Tunisian Sahel.


How to Cite this Article


Asma Ben Salem, Rajouene Majdoub, Youssef M'Sadak, and Slaheddine Khlifi, “Importance of the Meskat system and its landscape insertion through the olive groves of Sousse Region (Tunisian Sahel),” International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies, vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 382–386, October 2013.