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International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies
ISSN: 2028-9324     CODEN: IJIABO     OCLC Number: 828807274     ZDB-ID: 2703985-7
 
 
Monday 15 July 2019

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An Optimized Gamma-ray Densitometry Tool for Oil Products Determination


Volume 4, Issue 2, October 2013, Pages 408–412

 An Optimized Gamma-ray Densitometry Tool for Oil Products Determination

Amirmohammad Beigzadeh1, Hossein Afarideh2, Eskandar Asadi Amirabadi3, Zahra Soltani4, and Gholam Reza Etaati5

1 Energy Engineering and Physics Department, Amir Kabir University of Technology, Tehran, Iran
2 Energy Engineering and Physics Department, Amir Kabir University of Technology, Tehran, Iran
3 Department of Physics, Payam-e-Noor University, Tehran, Iran
4 Energy Engineering and Physics Department, Amir Kabir University of Technology, Tehran, Iran
5 Energy Engineering and Physics Department, Amir Kabir University of Technology, Tehran, Iran

Original language: English

Received 27 July 2013

Copyright © 2013 ISSR Journals. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract


Gamma-ray densitometry or nucleonic gauges have been widely used in industries to improve the quality of products, optimize processes and save energy and materials. Compared with common time-consuming and expensive chemical analyses, the proposed method is relatively fast and more reliable. Density measurement is normally based on the absorption of gamma radiation as it passes through the process material. The absorption which is proportional to the changes in material density indicates product density as the measuring path is held constant. In this study, a number of Monte Carlo simulations have been performed using the MCNP-4C code to optimize the arrangement of gamma densitometer. The dimensions of the proposed system have been chosen to coincide with the industrial specimen of gamma densitometer. The geometry of source to detector in different angles was investigated and optimized angles were chosen. The simulation as well as experimentally measurements has been performed for 4 different fluids including water, gasoline and diesel engine oil used with iron and PVC pipes of 4 inches diameter. The gamma source and detector have been a 137Cs and NaI(Tl) scintillation detector. Our experiments and simulations results show that the transmission mode present, better results than the scattering one in densitometer. The single detector response of the detector located at 180

Author Keywords: Gamma-ray Densitometry, MCNP-4C, Oil Products, Measurements, Scintillation detector.


How to Cite this Article


Amirmohammad Beigzadeh, Hossein Afarideh, Eskandar Asadi Amirabadi, Zahra Soltani, and Gholam Reza Etaati, “An Optimized Gamma-ray Densitometry Tool for Oil Products Determination,” International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies, vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 408–412, October 2013.