International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies
ISSN: 2028-9324     CODEN: IJIABO     OCLC Number: 828807274     ZDB-ID: 2703985-7
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Impact of tax structure system on GDP and progressivity: The case of Vietnam

Volume 4, Issue 2, October 2013, Pages 359–365

 Impact of tax structure system on GDP and progressivity: The case of Vietnam

La Xuan Dao1 and Tu Van Binh2

1 University of Economics – Law, National University Ho Chi Minh City, 3 Quarter, Linh Xuan Ward, Thu Duc Dist. Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam
2 CFVG - European Excellence in Management Education, 54 Nguyen Van Thu Street, District 1, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam

Original language: English

Received 31 July 2013

Copyright © 2013 ISSR Journals. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


To find out impacts of tax structure system in Vietnam on GDP and progressivity, models employed are Fixed-Effects and Two-Stage Least Squares, together with the regression model of tax progressivity. Data's source is from Vietnam General Statistics Office. It is cross-sectional time series over the period 1997-2010 for different 61 provinces in Vietnam. Findings present that Vietnam's tax policies are progressive, their integration policy impacts on the economic growth positively. In addition, the result is proved there is a significant relationship between the state budget and GDP. As a result, the budgetary expenses must be paid attention strictly. Because coefficients of value-added tax and corporate income tax are positive and significant, an increase in value-added tax or/and corporate income tax causes an increase in GDP. However, this view for a long-term is a negative impact on the economic growth, because the country can lose competitive advantages to attract foreign development investment, if keeping high tax rates. Note that several inadequacies in policies need reforms in both policies and tax structure system, in which corporate income tax must be focused, because of mobilization of financial outside the state is unstable. Currently, tax policies in Vietnam combine so many goals in each form of encouragement while the policy objectives are conflict, which makes difficulties to carry out. Existing lack of harmony among the taxes in the tax policy can cause a main reason of a decrease in the revenue target of the state and in regulating macro economy.

Author Keywords: Tax, Fixed-effects, GDP, State budget, Investment.

How to Cite this Article

La Xuan Dao and Tu Van Binh, “Impact of tax structure system on GDP and progressivity: The case of Vietnam,” International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies, vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 359–365, October 2013.