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International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies
ISSN: 2028-9324     CODEN: IJIABO     OCLC Number: 828807274     ZDB-ID: 2703985-7
 
 
Saturday 26 May 2018

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  Call for Papers - May 2018     |     Now IJIAS is indexed in EBSCO, ResearchGate, ProQuest, Chemical Abstracts Service, Index Copernicus, IET Inspec Direct, Ulrichs Web, Google Scholar, CAS Abstracts, J-Gate, UDL Library, CiteSeerX, WorldCat, Scirus, Research Bible and getCited, etc.  
 
 
 

Influence of variations in thickness of buccal cortical bone on stress distribution around immediately loaded mandibular implants: A non-linear finite element study


Volume 6, Issue 3, July 2014, Pages 376–391

 Influence of variations in thickness of buccal cortical bone on stress distribution around immediately loaded mandibular implants: A non-linear finite element study

Dr. Faisal Moeen1, Muhammad Saeed2, and Dr. Adnan Aslam3

1 BDS, MSc, Associate Professor, Department of Dental Materials, Riphah University Dental College, 7th Avenue, G-7/4, Islamabad, 44000, Pakistan
2 BS, MS, Assistant Professor, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Muhammad Ali Jinnah University, Islamabad, Pakistan
3 BDS, FCPS (Pakistan), FFD RCS (Ireland), Assistant Professor, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Margalla Institute of Health Sciences, Rawalpindi, Pakistan

Original language: English

Received 24 May 2014

Copyright © 2014 ISSR Journals. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract


Objective: To investigative the influence of immediate loading on the stress distribution around dental implants with reductions in buccal cortical bone thickness.
Materials and Methods: Three bone level dental implants (3.8mm, 4.5mm and 5.0mm diameters and a standard length of 10mm) were modeled and each placed in three mandibular bone segments having variations in buccal cortical bone thickness (2.0mm, 1.5mm and 1.0mm). A total of 9 such models were created and discretized with tetrahedral elements of parabolic displacement function. Implant-bone interface was simulated with non-linear contacts zone with friction. Implants were assumed to be placed at an insertion torque of 40Ncm and the fixation force was mathematically calculated for each of the three implants. A uniformly distributed vertical static load of a 150N was applied to the horizontal surfaces of the abutments. The overall stress distribution of von Mises criteria and micro-strain were recorded along the contact areas of implant and surrounding bone and statistically analyzed.
Results: At an insertion torque of 40Ncm the pre-load calculations indicate a reduction in the compressive stresses as the diameters of the implants increase with fixation forces of 93.14N, 83.49N and 75.49N for the 3.8mm, 4.5mm and 5.0mm diameter implants. The maximum stresses were seen in the upper one third of the buccal cortical bony plates which tends to reduce as the diameter of the implant increases. The peak von Mises stresses were 173MPa, 126MPa and 98MPa for the 3.8mm, 4.5mm and 5.0mm implants. The total maximum mesh displacement seen for the 3.8mm, 4.5mm and 5.0mm models was 55

Author Keywords: Immediate loading, buccal bone thickness, Maximum stress and micro-strain.


How to Cite this Article


Dr. Faisal Moeen, Muhammad Saeed, and Dr. Adnan Aslam, “Influence of variations in thickness of buccal cortical bone on stress distribution around immediately loaded mandibular implants: A non-linear finite element study,” International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies, vol. 6, no. 3, pp. 376–391, July 2014.