International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies
ISSN: 2028-9324     CODEN: IJIABO     OCLC Number: 828807274     ZDB-ID: 2703985-7
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Institutional Liabilities and Challenges in the Way to Achieve Millennium Development Goals (MDGs-7) in Pakistan

Volume 7, Issue 3, August 2014, Pages 961–971

 Institutional Liabilities and Challenges in the Way to Achieve Millennium Development Goals (MDGs-7) in Pakistan

Muhammad Wasif Bashir Babar1, Dr. Rashid Aftab2, Malik Nazir Ahmad Wattoo3, Norina Jabeen4, Muhammad Jahngir5, and Munazzah Manzoor6

1 President of Ravi Sustainable WASH Development Organization Faisalabad, Pakistan
2 Director Department of Public Policy Riphah International University Islamabad, Pakistan
3 President & Founder of Changa Pani Program Faisalabad, Pakistan
4 Research Associate at Department of Rural Sociology Agricultural University Faisalabad, Pakistan
5 Vice President of Human Resource Development Society Islamabad, Pakistan
6 Research Associate at Agriculture University Faisalabad, Pakistan

Original language: English

Received 14 June 2014

Copyright © 2014 ISSR Journals. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


This study majorly focuses on review of policies & standards developed by Islamic Republic of Pakistan for provision of safe drinking water, adequate sanitation and hygiene to its citizens. This study was carried out to extract key knowledge & information about institutional framework their liabilities and key challenges which restrict field of WASH development in country. Policies and principals subsisted and had reviewed to judge about governmental activities for WASH development and its implementation. Resource constraints, political instability, literacy, rapid population growth, rural-urban migration and urbanization are key challenges for WATSAN development. It is suggested to refine policies, take severely action in its implementation, public awareness and use of media for socialization of local communities about WASH importance should be adopted.

Author Keywords: Institution capacity, WASH Challenges, Sustainability, Political Instability, Resource Constraints, Population Growth, Public- Oriented policy Implementation, Integration & Cohesion.

How to Cite this Article

Muhammad Wasif Bashir Babar, Dr. Rashid Aftab, Malik Nazir Ahmad Wattoo, Norina Jabeen, Muhammad Jahngir, and Munazzah Manzoor, “Institutional Liabilities and Challenges in the Way to Achieve Millennium Development Goals (MDGs-7) in Pakistan,” International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies, vol. 7, no. 3, pp. 961–971, August 2014.