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International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies
ISSN: 2028-9324     CODEN: IJIABO     OCLC Number: 828807274     ZDB-ID: 2703985-7
 
 
Wednesday 23 May 2018

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  Call for Papers - May 2018     |     Now IJIAS is indexed in EBSCO, ResearchGate, ProQuest, Chemical Abstracts Service, Index Copernicus, IET Inspec Direct, Ulrichs Web, Google Scholar, CAS Abstracts, J-Gate, UDL Library, CiteSeerX, WorldCat, Scirus, Research Bible and getCited, etc.  
 
 
 

The Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement (TPPA): Impact on health in Malaysia


Volume 7, Issue 3, August 2014, Pages 1156–1169

 The Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement (TPPA): Impact on health in Malaysia

Normaliza Abdul Manaf1, Kanayathu C. Koshy2, and Kamarulazizi Ibrahim3

1 Centre for Global Sustainability Studies, Level 5, Hamzah Sendut Library, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 11800 Penang, Malaysia
2 Centre for Global Sustainability Studies, Level 5, Hamzah Sendut Library, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 11800 Penang, Malaysia
3 Centre for Global Sustainability Studies, Level 5, Hamzah Sendut Library, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 11800 Penang, Malaysia

Original language: English

Received 10 July 2014

Copyright © 2014 ISSR Journals. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract


TPPA stands for Trans Pacific Partnership Agreement (TPPA) and is also known as the Trans-Pacific Strategic Economic Partnership Agreement. It is a multilateral free trade agreement currently being negotiated by 12 countries, led by the United State (US). Malaysia is one of the parties negotiating in the TPPA. It aims to further liberalize the economies of the Asia-Pacific region, covering a broad spectrum of areas and has 29 chapter's altogether and some areas affect our public health, environment and courts system. The TPPA have their own advantages and disadvantages and this paper is to discuss the advantages and challenges of TPPA in general that Malaysia will be faced if Malaysia signed the TPPA and the likely impact of TPPA on health in Malaysia. The analysis result by UNDP showed if Malaysia does not join the TPPA, Malaysia would be at a disadvantage in terms of seeking bigger and better market access for Malaysian products and services. Analysis on the TPPA document showed if Malaysia signs the TPPA, it will have an impact on the cost of medicines and health matters. In conclusion, the government has to be very careful in dealing with TPP agreement to ensure the advantages in favor of Malaysia. Every action needs to be refined and addressed with care otherwise Malaysia has to bear all the cost in health sectors.

Author Keywords: health impact, challenges, intellectual property, Free Trade Agreement, cost.


How to Cite this Article


Normaliza Abdul Manaf, Kanayathu C. Koshy, and Kamarulazizi Ibrahim, “The Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement (TPPA): Impact on health in Malaysia,” International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies, vol. 7, no. 3, pp. 1156–1169, August 2014.