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International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies
ISSN: 2028-9324     CODEN: IJIABO     OCLC Number: 828807274     ZDB-ID: 2703985-7
 
 
Saturday 17 November 2018

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A Socio-Political Conflict between Religious Conservatism and Liberalism in Pakistan: A Comparative Study of Aligarh and Deoband School of Thought


Volume 7, Issue 4, August 2014, Pages 1408–1418

 A Socio-Political Conflict between Religious Conservatism and Liberalism in Pakistan:  A Comparative Study of Aligarh and Deoband School of Thought

Muhammad Asim1 and Syed Raheem Abbas Shah2

1 Lecturer Government Postgraduate College Asghar Mall, Rawalpindi, Pakistan
2 Lecturer Government Postgraduate College, Bhakkar, Pakistan

Original language: English

Received 16 July 2014

Copyright © 2014 ISSR Journals. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract


The major problem of Pakistan since its formation is huge difference among religious conservatism and liberalism. Both perceive the formation of Pakistan according to their views but, this rivalry is not new. During British India, such ideologies were working against each other and Muslim society had been divided into two schools of thought: the Aligarh and the Deoband. Aligarh School of thought motivated Indian Muslims regarding getting western education as solution of their current socio-political problems, while Deoband School of Thought found this solution in religious education.
This article highlights the difference among ideologies and practices of both the school of thoughts with special reference to Pakistan, and solution of this difference according to the theories of Sir Syed and Allama Iqbal. Both the scholars found the reason of Muslims backwardness is far from the modern education. If Sir Syed gave the concept of rationalism in religion for the purpose of getting rid off from orthodox and rigid behavior, Allama Iqbal focued upon the need of ijtehad and reconstruction of religious thoughts that is a solution of all the modern issues and problems. Both the point of views are discussed in this article.


Author Keywords: Socio-Political Conflict, Religious Conservatism, Liberalism, Pakistan.


How to Cite this Article


Muhammad Asim and Syed Raheem Abbas Shah, “A Socio-Political Conflict between Religious Conservatism and Liberalism in Pakistan: A Comparative Study of Aligarh and Deoband School of Thought,” International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies, vol. 7, no. 4, pp. 1408–1418, August 2014.