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International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies
ISSN: 2028-9324     CODEN: IJIABO     OCLC Number: 828807274     ZDB-ID: 2703985-7
 
 
Tuesday 17 July 2018

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Phytotoxicological assessment of Moringa oleifera Lam. against larvae of important human malaria vector Anopheles stephensi Liston (Insecta:Diptera:Culicidae)


Volume 7, Issue 4, August 2014, Pages 1633–1641

 Phytotoxicological assessment of Moringa oleifera Lam. against larvae of important human malaria vector Anopheles stephensi Liston (Insecta:Diptera:Culicidae)

Arti Prasad1 and Esha Sharma2

1 Associate Professor, Insect Microbial & Herbal Control Laboratory, Department of Zoology, Mohan lal Sukhadia University, Udaipur, India
2 Research Scholar, Insect Microbial & Herbal Control Laboratory, Department of Zoology, Mohan lal Sukhadia University, Udaipur, India

Original language: English

Received 6 August 2014

Copyright © 2014 ISSR Journals. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract


Application of plant extracts have become an available alternative in sustainable vector control strategy due to their less toxic, easily available and non persistant nature. In the present study, leaves, flowers and seeds of Moringa oleifera Lam. are evaluated for their larvicidal activities against Anopheles stephensi (L). The larval mortality was observed at 24hrs and 48 hrs of time exposure. Highest larval percent mortality was observed to be found in the seed extract of Moringa oleifera Lam. plant with 100% mortality at 100 ppm of concentration. LC50 value was calculated against different concentrations. The lowest LC50 value was observed in the M. oleifera Lam. seeds followed by flowers and leaves i.e. 15.17 ppm, 23.99 ppm and 38.99 ppm respectively after 24 hrs of exposure time and 12.62 ppm, 20.46 ppm and 25.11 ppm. respectively at 48 hrs of exposure time. The plant extracts also exhibited some developmental deformities in larvae and pupae. The obtained data indicates that phytochemical derived from M. oleifera Lam. seed extracts are effective mosquito vector control agent.

Author Keywords: Moringa oleifera Lam., Anopheles stephensi, Insecticidal, Phytochemicals.


How to Cite this Article


Arti Prasad and Esha Sharma, “Phytotoxicological assessment of Moringa oleifera Lam. against larvae of important human malaria vector Anopheles stephensi Liston (Insecta:Diptera:Culicidae),” International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies, vol. 7, no. 4, pp. 1633–1641, August 2014.