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International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies
ISSN: 2028-9324     CODEN: IJIABO     OCLC Number: 828807274     ZDB-ID: 2703985-7
 
 
Monday 23 September 2019

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The environmental degradation and the strategies of survival in the countrysides of the North-Cameroon


[ La dégradation environnementale et les stratégies de survie dans les campagnes du Nord-Cameroun ]

Volume 8, Issue 4, October 2014, Pages 1517–1525

 The environmental degradation and the strategies of survival in the countrysides  of the North-Cameroon

Anselme Wakponou1 and Richard Atimniraye Nyéladé2

1 Département de géographie, Université de Ngaoundéré, Cameroun
2 Systèmes de Production Economie et Sociologie Rurales, Institut de Recherche Agricole pour le Développement, Centre de Wakwa, Cameroun

Original language: French

Received 9 September 2014

Copyright © 2014 ISSR Journals. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract


Northern Cameroon includes the Cameroonian Sudano-sahelian and Sahelian which are the most sensitive areas to climate change because of their proximity to Sahara which is the centre of climate dynamics.
This work is the result of more than twenty years of direct fieldwork observations and surveys carried out on the peasants with respect to:
- The perception of climate change and the degradation of the environment;
- The strategies adopted in order to face the said changes.
The objective is to show that in these dry areas where rural activities are still heavily linked to natural conditions, the general drainage of the landscape jeopardizes day after day the livelihood of the populations. Hence, they diversify new experiences in their daily activities in order to insure their survival.


Author Keywords: Drainage, climate, development, environment, Northern-Cameroun.


Abstract: (french)


Le Nord-Cameroun englobe le soudano-sahélien et le sahélien camerounais qui, de par leur position proches du Sahara, centre de la dynamique climatique, constituent les aires les plus sensibles aux changements climatiques.
Ce travail est le résultat de plus d'une vingtaine d'années d'observation directe de terrain et des enquêtes auprès des paysans, par rapport à :
- La perception des changements climatiques et la dégradation de l'environnement,
- Les stratégies adoptées pour faire face aux dits changements.
L'objectif est de montrer que dans ces aires sèches camerounaises où les activités rurales sont encore très liées aux conditions naturelles, l'assèchement généralisé des paysages précarise chaque jour davantage les conditions de vie des peuples locaux. Ainsi ils multiplient de nouvelles expériences dans leurs activités quotidiennes pour assurer leur survie.


Author Keywords: Assèchement, climat, développement, environnement, Nord-Cameroun.


How to Cite this Article


Anselme Wakponou and Richard Atimniraye Nyéladé, “The environmental degradation and the strategies of survival in the countrysides of the North-Cameroon,” International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies, vol. 8, no. 4, pp. 1517–1525, October 2014.