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International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies
ISSN: 2028-9324     CODEN: IJIABO     OCLC Number: 828807274     ZDB-ID: 2703985-7
 
 
Sunday 18 November 2018

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Loss of ignition as a proxy indicator for assessing the lithological composition of the recent sediments accumulated in some freshwater lakes from the Danube Delta, Romania


Volume 9, Issue 1, November 2014, Pages 260–278

 Loss of ignition as a proxy indicator for assessing the lithological composition of the recent sediments accumulated in some freshwater lakes from the Danube Delta, Romania

Irina Catianis1, Silviu Rădan2, and Dumitru Grosu3

1 National Institute of Marine Geology and Geoecology - GeoEcoMar, Bucharest/Dimitrie Onciul Street/024053 Bucharest, Romania
2 National Institute of Marine Geology and Geoecology - GeoEcoMar, Bucharest/Dimitrie Onciul Street/024053 Bucharest, Romania
3 National Institute of Marine Geology and Geoecology - GeoEcoMar, Bucharest/Dimitrie Onciul Street/024053 Bucharest, Romania

Original language: English

Received 10 September 2014

Copyright © 2014 ISSR Journals. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract


The paper asserts the percent horizontal and vertical distribution of the main lithological components (the total organic matter, total carbonates and minerogenic clastic fraction) in the grab surface layer and core sediment samples of some fluvial - Danubian lakes. The study is corroborated on the analysis of 144 grab sampling stations and 6 Hydro-Bios sediment cores collected during 2010-2013. Evaluations of the above mentioned parameters considered in surface sediments, and in samples from distinct cores have been defined by Loss on Ignition (LOI) method. By using the total organic matter concentration results in the grab sediment, as a proxy, it was tried to be pursued the source of the organic matter input into the lakes during the recent period. Evaluating the mean areal distribution values of the total organic matter, the shallow water depth, and assuming the autochthonous input as a main contributing source, it was exhibited that the investigated lakes are over-supplied with organic material, passing through a continuous shallowing environments due to a strong siltation of the canals and streams. The assessment of the vertical distribution results reported a distinctive pattern with infrequent dominantly organic layers interposed with sequences of minerogenic clastic contents. These fluctuations indicate seasonal shifts that have repercussion on the depositional environment conditions on some moments in time. The results obtained by LOI method yields excellent, medium or small correlation between the variations in the investigated parameters.

Author Keywords: core sediment, Danube Delta, surficial sediment, total carbonates, total organic matter.


How to Cite this Article


Irina Catianis, Silviu Rădan, and Dumitru Grosu, “Loss of ignition as a proxy indicator for assessing the lithological composition of the recent sediments accumulated in some freshwater lakes from the Danube Delta, Romania,” International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies, vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 260–278, November 2014.