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International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies
ISSN: 2028-9324     CODEN: IJIABO     OCLC Number: 828807274     ZDB-ID: 2703985-7
 
 
Thursday 15 November 2018

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Environmental planning and management (EPM) as a strategry for solving environmental problems in Niger delta region: A study of Bonny Island, Rivers State, Nigeria


Volume 9, Issue 1, November 2014, Pages 239–248

 Environmental planning and management (EPM) as a strategry for solving environmental problems in Niger delta region: A study of Bonny Island, Rivers State, Nigeria

Vivan Ezra Lekwot1, Micheal Kingsley Balasom2, Leo Dyaji3, and Ali Andesikuteb Yakubu4

1 Department of Geography and Planninng, University Of Jos, Nigeria
2 Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Adama Modibbo University Yola, Adamawa State, Nigeria
3 Department of Science and Environmental Education, University Of Abuja, Nigeria
4 Department of Geography and Planninng, University Of Jos, Nigeria

Original language: English

Received 14 September 2014

Copyright © 2014 ISSR Journals. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract


Environmental issues are meant to be operationalized through the formulation of actor-specific environmental actions plans, which define priority action that will convert strategy into practice. The Environmental Planning and Management (EPM) process which is an increasingly popularized strategy of solving the myriads of problems affecting the environment in contemporary world. The study examines the use of Environmental Planning and Management (EPM) process as a strategy of solving environmental problems in Bonny Island, Rivers State, Nigeria by investigating the perception of the general public on the state of the environment in the area, level of participation of people in compliance to existing environmental strategies, causes of ineffective environmental management in the area and assessing community satisfaction with existing environmental management approach using well structured questionnaires administered to sampled households. Questions were related to socio-economic characteristics of households, willingness to participate by the community in the EPM process, perceived level of environmental degradation in the area, level of compliance of oil and gas companies to environmental laws and the role of Government environment protection agencies in protecting the environment of the study area.
The results confirm that the level of damage from oil exploration, gas activities, pollution and pipeline vandalizations is chronic and cumulative, which has resulted to the degradation of the environment, routine of facilities and compliancy to environmental management approaches are not regular, facilities and equipment were found be grossly inadequate therefore proper inspection can not be well carried out, the community expressed dissatisfaction with the existing environment approach which they attributed to the inability of fully implementing the environmental approach, the community indicated that given the opportunity they are willing to participate in evolving an effective environmental management approach. Recommendations were made for the effective and efficient application of the EPM process in the study area.


Author Keywords: Environmental Planning and Management, Degradation, Environment, Bonny Island.


How to Cite this Article


Vivan Ezra Lekwot, Micheal Kingsley Balasom, Leo Dyaji, and Ali Andesikuteb Yakubu, “Environmental planning and management (EPM) as a strategry for solving environmental problems in Niger delta region: A study of Bonny Island, Rivers State, Nigeria,” International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies, vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 239–248, November 2014.