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International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies
ISSN: 2028-9324     CODEN: IJIABO     OCLC Number: 828807274     ZDB-ID: 2703985-7
 
 
Sunday 18 November 2018

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Enhancement of P2O5 Content in SSP Made from Local Rock Phosphate of Pakistan


Volume 9, Issue 1, November 2014, Pages 484–489

 Enhancement of P2O5 Content in SSP Made from Local Rock Phosphate of Pakistan

Hina Arshad1, Shahid Raza Malik2, Muhammad Usman Tahir3, Waqar Ali Khan4, and Muhammad Usman5

1 Department of Chemical Engineering, NFC Institute of Engineering and Fertilizer Research, Faisalabad, Punjab, Pakistan
2 Chemical Engineering Department, NFC Institute of Engineering and Fertilizer Research, Faisalabad, Pakistan
3 School of Chemical Engineering, The University of Faisalabad, Faisalabad, Punjab, Pakistan
4 Department of Chemical Engineering, NFC Institute of Engineering and Fertilizer Research, Faisalabad, Punjab, Pakistan
5 Production Department, Rafhan Maize Products Co. LTD (INGREDION, USA), Faisalabad, Pakistan

Original language: English

Received 22 September 2014

Copyright © 2014 ISSR Journals. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract


The Phosphorus content is a necessary part of fertilizers used in Pakistan and is readily available in single super phosphate fertilizer. Pakistani rock phosphate being of low grade cannot be used by conventional method to prepare good quality SSP. This rock however, can be used by some unconventional techniques for preparing some better quality fertilizer. For the subject study rock phosphate samples were collected from Hazara, Pakistan and were ground to 150 mesh level containing 24% total phosphate pentoxide (P2O5) content and were treated with different ratios of sulphuric acid (H2SO4) and phosphoric acid (H3PO4). Seven samples with composition comprising of fix weight of rock phosphate i.e. 100 gm were prepared by treating it with H2SO4 (diluted to 65%) and H3PO4 (of 85% purity) in w/w ratios of (13:1, 13:2, 4:1, 11:4, 2:1 and 3:2) were manually prepared and analyzed through spectro-photometric method before and after a curing period of two weeks. The results obtained showed that there was enhancement in P2O5 up to 22.9% total and 19.9% available P2O5 content by addition of H3PO4 and H2SO4 (in weight ratios of 3:2) to the conventional formulation of single super phosphate (SSP) containing the rock phosphate and H2SO4 only. The results lead to conclude that the phosphorus content in SSP made from low quality local rock phosphate can be effectively enhanced and a market grade SSP(with 18% available P2O5) can be prepared using the local rock without any need to import rock phosphate from other countries.

Author Keywords: P2O5 Enhancement, Hazara Pakistan, Rock phosphate, Single Super phosphate, H2SO4 and H3PO4.


How to Cite this Article


Hina Arshad, Shahid Raza Malik, Muhammad Usman Tahir, Waqar Ali Khan, and Muhammad Usman, “Enhancement of P2O5 Content in SSP Made from Local Rock Phosphate of Pakistan,” International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies, vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 484–489, November 2014.