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International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies
ISSN: 2028-9324     CODEN: IJIABO     OCLC Number: 828807274     ZDB-ID: 2703985-7
 
 
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Pathological Investigation of Avian Aspergillosis in Commercial Broiler Chicken at Chittagong District


Volume 10, Issue 1, January 2015, Pages 366–376

 Pathological Investigation of Avian Aspergillosis in Commercial Broiler Chicken  at Chittagong District

S. Sultana1, S. M. H. Rashid2, M. N. Islam3, M. H. Ali4, M. M. Islam5, and M. G. Azam6

1 Department of Pathology and Parasitology, Hajee Mohammad Danesh Science and Technology University (HSTU), Dinajpur, Bangladesh
2 Department of Pathology and Parasitology, Hajee Mohammad Danesh Science and Technology University (HSTU), Dinajpur, Bangladesh
3 Department of Pathology and Parasitology, Hajee Mohammad Danesh Science and Technology University (HSTU), Dinajpur, Bangladesh
4 Department of Pathology and Parasitology, Hajee Mohammad Danesh Science and Technology University (HSTU), Dinajpur, Bangladesh
5 Department of Pathology and Parasitology, Hajee Mohammad Danesh Science and Technology University (HSTU), Dinajpur, Bangladesh
6 Department of Pathology and Parasitology, Hajee Mohammad Danesh Science and Technology University (HSTU), Dinajpur, Bangladesh

Original language: English

Received 30 October 2014

Copyright © 2015 ISSR Journals. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract


The present study was carried out to investigate the pathology of avian aspergillosis in commercial broiler chickens at Chittagong district. A total of 912 sick and dead chickens were collected from 20 commercial broiler farms and diagnosed for avian aspergillosis on the basis of clinical signs, symptoms and postmortem findings. The suspected birds were collected for necropsy examination and mycological culture. Gross lesions of multiple hard creamy to yellow colored, circumscribe plaques throughout the lungs surface and consolidated lung with necrotic areas were observed. Microscopically, the typical nodules consisted of caseous necrotic center were present. Identified the Aspergillus spp according to their color of colony growth on Potato Dextrose Agar media. The overall incidence of avian aspergillosis was found 6.14%. Among five Upazilla, significantly (p<0.007) higher and lower incidence was found in Patenga and Sitakunda that were 9.25% and 3.43% respectively. It was observed that highest incidence (8.22%) in rainy and lowest (3.16%) in winter but moderate (5.16%) in summer season. The disease was significantly (p<0.050) higher (8.27%) in age between 6-10 days and lower (4.11%) in age between 0-5 days. It was also found that incidence of avian aspergillosis was significantly (p<0.042) higher in flocks reared on sawdust litter (7.69%) as compared to rice husk litter (3. 46%).

Author Keywords: Aspergillus, Incidence, Litter, Lung, Colony.


How to Cite this Article


S. Sultana, S. M. H. Rashid, M. N. Islam, M. H. Ali, M. M. Islam, and M. G. Azam, “Pathological Investigation of Avian Aspergillosis in Commercial Broiler Chicken at Chittagong District,” International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies, vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 366–376, January 2015.