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International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies
ISSN: 2028-9324     CODEN: IJIABO     OCLC Number: 828807274     ZDB-ID: 2703985-7
 
 
Sunday 19 November 2017

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Healthcare cost and access to care for viral hepatitis in Ethiopia


Volume 9, Issue 4, December 2014, Pages 1718–1723

 Healthcare cost and access to care for viral hepatitis in Ethiopia

Abate Bane1, Aravind Patil2, and Mahafroz Khatib3

1 Associate professor of medicine and consultant Gastroenterologist at Addis Ababa university medical school, PO Box No 22688 code 1000, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
2 Focus Scientific Research Center of Phamax AG, #19, KMJ Ascend, 1st Cross, 17th C Main, 5th Block, Koramangala, Bangalore - 560 095, India
3 Scientific Associate, focus scientific research center of phamax AG, #19, KMJ Ascend, 1st Cross, 17th C Main, 5th Block, Koramangala, Bangalore - 560 095, India

Original language: English

Received 7 November 2014

Copyright © 2014 ISSR Journals. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract


Introduction: Viral hepatitis is an emerging threat. The economic impact of these infections is immense since liver cancer has a high fatality rate in Africa and usually affects economically productive age groups. However, little is known of the state of healthcare cost and access to care for such infections in the region (and especially in Ethiopia).
Objective and Study design: the present study investigated the current status of healthcare access in Ethiopia for patients with hepatitis B (HBV) and C (HCV) through expert surveys using a pre-defined questionnaire.
Principal findings: The survey results showed a heavy burden of HBV and HCV in Ethiopia, mostly affecting the economically productive age group in the middle and lower economic classes. Unfortunately, the diagnosis rates for both HBV and HCV cases are very low. Moreover, the treatment rates are also low due lack of access and affordability. There is no well-established health insurance system in Ethiopia. The cost of healthcare is mainly borne out-of-pocket by patients.
Conclusions: There is a need to increase hepatitis awareness among the general public and healthcare workers. Subsidies for diagnosis and treatment are also urgently needed. Vaccination needs to be extended to at-risk populations.


Author Keywords: Hepatitis, Ethiopia, Cost of care, Health access, Awareness, HBV, HCV.


How to Cite this Article


Abate Bane, Aravind Patil, and Mahafroz Khatib, “Healthcare cost and access to care for viral hepatitis in Ethiopia,” International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies, vol. 9, no. 4, pp. 1718–1723, December 2014.