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International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies
ISSN: 2028-9324     CODEN: IJIABO     OCLC Number: 828807274     ZDB-ID: 2703985-7
 
 
Tuesday 16 July 2019

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Oral cavity candidiasis as a complication of fungal diseases in diabetic patients in south-East of Iran


Volume 14, Issue 4, February 2016, Pages 1134–1138

 Oral cavity candidiasis as a complication of fungal diseases in diabetic patients  in south-East of Iran

Ebrahimzadeh Adel1, Saryazdi-pour Khadijed2, and Mosavi Mohammad3

1 PhD, associated Professor, Department of Mycology and Parasitology and Membership of Infectious Disease and Tropical Medicine Reseach Center, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran
2 MSc Student, Faculty of Medicine, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran
3 BS.c in Nursing, Department of Medical Parasitology and Mycology, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran

Original language: English

Received 2 October 2015

Copyright © 2016 ISSR Journals. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract


Oral candidiasis is a common opportunistic infection in diabetic patients. Candida albicans is colonized on different oral surfaces such as tongue, palate, dental caries and plaques. Different factors like age, sex, denture wears and smoking play role in amount and severity of colonization of this microorganism. Our goal was to determine the relationship between the existences of Candida Albicans in oral diabetic patient. This cross - sectional study was performed on 120 diabetic patients. After completing the questionnaire and collect saliva samples and smears from the mouth were cultured directly on sabouraud agar medium containing 0.005% chloramphenicol and for identified use of specific tests. Data were statistically analyzed using Chi-Square, Mann-Whitney, t-test and correlation tests. Overall, in this study from 120 patients, 61 cases (50.8%) had a positive culture for Candida. In this study, Based on observations Candida infection rates were relatively higher in older patients and in women. Infections among participants who used dentures (0.001P <) and have smoking (P <0.038) had significant relationship. The infection in people with type II diabetes is more than subjects with Type I diabetes. C. Albicans was the most common isolated Candida species in both groups. This study showed a high prevalence of Candidiasis and Candida colonization in oral samples of diabetic patients. Our goal was to determine the relationship between the existences of Candida Albicans in oral diabetic patient.

Author Keywords: Candidiasis, Diabetic, Oral Infection, South-East, Iran.


How to Cite this Article


Ebrahimzadeh Adel, Saryazdi-pour Khadijed, and Mosavi Mohammad, “Oral cavity candidiasis as a complication of fungal diseases in diabetic patients in south-East of Iran,” International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies, vol. 14, no. 4, pp. 1134–1138, February 2016.