Trichomonas vaginalis is a protozoan pathogen of the human urogenital tract. This study was designed to provide a data base on investigation of the overall prevalence and clinical findings and compare of diagnosis methods for detection of Trichomoniasis. In this descriptive - cross sectional study a total of 400 vaginal samples were examined with wet smear and Pap smear and diamond culture medium for Trichomoniasis in Chabahar in 2014. The confirmed clinical findings by gynecologist recorded in patient information forms. The data analysis was done using the SPSS software version 18.0 and frequency tables generated. The chi-square and T student tests was used to determine significant relationship between categorical variables at a significant P value of less than or equal to 0.05. In this study number of 39 Trichomoniasis (9.75%) with diamond culture media and 27 cases (6.75%) with Pap smear and 25 cases (6.25%) with wet mounts direct microscopy slides, were reported positive respectively. However, there was no statistically significant difference between the clinical symptoms seen in studied patients with infection (P>0.05), but there was a statistically significant difference between patient reported sings with infection (P<0.05). Considering high prevalence of Trichomonas vaginalis and a substantial proportion of infections are asymptomatic and excessive treatment before the exact laboratory diagnosis makes necessary reliable testing methods. It is recommended in addition to wet smear, culture methods should be performed routinely in medical laboratory.
This retrospective study has been conducted to 831 sick children during the measles epidemic period in 2012, with the objective of contribution on health improvement of children under malnutrition using the information related to their exposition to measles, by the determination of proportion of children with pointed malnutrition and who developed measles. Around 513 or 61,7% of children admitted to the hospital had high-pitched severe malnutrition , within then 2,5% had measles, However 8,2% on the 318 remained children without high-pitched severe malnutrition at the admission, had also the measles. We had observed the contamination rate at 9% on children without high-pitched malnutrition. This contamination remained the same though the vaccination statute on children with high-pitched malnutrition. We then observe that high-pitched malnutrition accelerate vulnerability to children to the contamination by measles.
Juvenile granulosa tumor is a sex cord stromal tumor extremely rare, with usually estrogenic effects, while virilizing form is exceptional, often discovered at a stage confined to the ovary, justifying therefore a conservative treatment. Its prognosis appears favorable, depending on early management. However, its evolvement may be hampered by early and aggressive recurrence. We report a new case compiled in Obstetrics Gynecology Service (HMIMV) of virilizing form of juvenile granulosa cell tumors, discovered during a recent exacerbation of a preexisting androgen syndrome in a girl of 24 years. It's extreme rarity prompted us to report it highlighting, through a literature review, its diagnostic features, therapeutic and evolutionary.
The neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) or von Recklinghausen's disease is an autosomal dominant disease. The association of NF1 to breast cancer is unusual and rarely r eported in literature. We report a case of this rare association. The discovery of breast cancer at a 51 years old patient in an advanced stage (T3N1M0), occasioned the appearance of dermatological lesions which are pathognomonic of neurofibromatosis1. Monitoring of patients with neurofibromatosis type1 seems justified to detect Early a possible association to breast cancer.
Bowen vulvar disease is defined as squamous cell carcinoma strictly intraepithelial, it's a viral infection which mostly affects postmenopausal women. It can be associated to other lesions specially gynecological cancers. The diagnosis is essentially histological. The evolution can go to invasion. Its treatment is based on surgery. We report the case of a female patient of 46 years, who consulted for a vulvar ulceration range of 5 cm in diameter, treated with wide excision, the histological examination is in favor of Bowen's disease. Through a review of litterature, we focus on the clinical, evolutionary and therapeutic features of this pathology.
This work describes the geochemical characteristics of rocks of the Bitungulu lava flow of the January 17, 2002 Nyiragongo volcano eruption. In addition to the description in situ, samples of these rocks were analyzed in the University of Lubumbashi laboratory. Results show a high concentration of silica and mineralization dominated by nepheline. These rocks are basalts but they are close to trachy-basalts.
Silver nanoparticles (Ag-NPs) were extracellular biosynthesized using the mold Fusarium graminaerum that isolated from poultry feed, the fungal isolates were inoculated in a broth medium incubated in a shaker incubator at 25 C0for 8 days, metal nanoparticles were synthesized by treating mycelia (1%w/v) with (1mM, 0.5Mm) of metals oxide solution and incubated in a shaker incubator at 25
The birth of twins among the Songye people is at the origin of a particular rite considered necessary to ensure their growth and a stable life in the family. This rite is a special time of the design point of view of pregnancy, childbirth, newborn meal output motherhood, life in the courtyard or family and the enthronement of these children in the community. This study is carried out in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), in the province of Lomami territory of Lubao, Tshofa sector. The survey method supported by the unstructured interview technique in an approach to oral tradition provided the framework for the necessary information.
73 enterobacteria which isolated from four regional hospitals Moroccans during 2011 to 2012 were referred to The National Institute of Hygiene (INH). For all isolates Phenotping and genotyping were conducted. Biochemical was performed by galleries Api20E (bioM
In entrepreneurial literature, the phase of the organizational emergence manifested as requiring extensive research. This phase, characterized by the intention of a person to start a business, covers different realities. However we have developed this contribution which is attached to formulate a model of entrepreneurial intention among graduate students. Based on the review of the literatures of entrepreneurial intention, we have tried to formulate a model of entrepreneurial intention among graduate students. On the theoretical level, this article is mainly dependent on psychosocial models. On the basis of model creation, entrepreneurial motivation is recognized as the essential fact to improve the entrepreneurial intention among graduate students. Researchers and academics in the field of entrepreneurship can involve this model to presage the impact of entrepreneurial motivation on entrepreneurial intention for graduate students.
This work investigated the level of Total Hydrocarbon Content (THC), trace metals, physicochemical properties of the soil sample of Owaza shell location farmland and the level of proximate composition of cassava tubers from the same farmland so that proper evaluation could be reached following standard procedures. The result of the physicochemical analysis revealed that the pH of the polluted soil sample were slightly acidic than the control and the bulk density increased above 1.6 g/cm3 that tend to restrict root growth. The THC and the trace metal level in both soil and cassava samples from the polluted farmland increased, which could be deleterious to living organism including man within affected communities. The proximate composition of the cassava sample from the polluted soil sample was also affected as the calorific value decreased (251.60
The selection of a profession suitable to expectations implies taking into account multiples factors. Despite its usefulness and high impact there are limitations in the support to vocational orientation and specifically to university major recommendation models. Among these limitations are the lack of flexible models and the dependence on historical information. In this paper a new college degree recommendation model based on the 2-tuples linguistic model and the OWA operators is presented. It includes database construction, student profiling, university degree information filtering and recommendation generation. Its implementation make possible to improve reliability. An Illustrative example is shown to demonstrate the model applicability especially to information and health sciences.
The food industry and official food control services throughout the world are concerned with the implementation of HACCP. Several countries have built or are in the process of integrating this approach into their regulatory mechanisms, however, the application of this tool has had different obstacles. The aim of our study is to achieve a benchmarking to highlight the interpretations and difficulties in the application of HACCP in food companies in different countries such as: USA, France, Philippines, Italy, Turkey, Spain, Taiwan, Slovenia ..., and propose some key recommendations to facilitate its implementation. Thus, our results showed that implementation difficulties of this approach are everywhere, quoting: difficulties in the process of learning a second foreign language; a complicated terminology; lack of prerequisite programs; technical and structural barriers; lack of or inadequate training; unsuitable ergonomic conditions ... Therefore, there is a great demand for the development and compilation of reference tools to support and facilitate the implementation of this approach. Therefore, a good understanding of the terminology and techniques to facilitate its application and its adoption will lead to a structured approach to food safety globally.
The problem of the lack of automation of manufacturing, monitoring and control processes in the Ecuadorian pharmaceutical industry is evident. This is why an analysis of the current situation of pharmaceutical companies operating in Ecuador to identify these shortcomings in the resources used was conducted in order to propose a technological tool to address these needs. This study considered several issues related to the pharmaceutical industry which are: manufacturing process and monitoring methodologies, process automation, technological tools, interoperability of systems, software engineering component-based approach. A field study was developed. For the study a population of 13 pharmaceutical companies in the province of Guayas whose production lines specialize in injectables and tablets were considered, a sample of 8 pharmaceutical laboratories was selected. The main beneficiaries of this proposal are the people involved in research and institutions, laboratories, employees and researchers who are involved with the pharmaceutical industry of Ecuador. Based on the analysis results it was found that most pharmaceutical companies in the province of Guayas do not have a technological tool that serves to automate their manufacturing, monitoring and control processes.
Resistance occurred in Anopheles species to insecticides represents a threat for the success of malaria vector control. The impact of both long lasting insecticidal nets (LLINs) and indoor residual sprayings (IRS) with deltamethrin on the knockdown resistance (kdr) mutation conferring cross-resistance to pyrethroids and DDT was investigated in field Anopheles gambiae populations in Danan
The paper examines the relationship among stock market returns (KSE-100 Index) and exchange rate, real interest rate, gross domestic product, money supply (M1). In order to respond the queries, this study used monthly data of all variables from 2003 to 2013. And the applied tools of analysis are descriptive statistics, unit root test (Phillips-Perron Test) and ARDL approach to co-integration. ARDL approach results revealed that exchange rate, money supply, and real interest rate have no statistically significant impact on stock market returns. However, there is a significant positive impact of current GDP on stock market return and a significant negative impact of lag term of GDP on stock market return. In the short-run, there is a significant positive impact of gross domestic product on stock market return. The positive impact of GDP on stock market return is consistent with some previous studies. This study concludes that GDP is the most important factor among the selected macroeconomic variables to influence the Karachi Stock Exchange returns (KSE 100 Index). The gross domestic product should be in focus in order to increase shares
The concrete, which is an artificial stone obtained through the hardening of a binder mixture of water and aggregates rationally selected, is an important material in all fields of construction. Through its performance and versatility, it is present in all domains of building and public works. Concrete strength depends, among others, on the characteristics of the components used in its manufacturing. A good mix of concrete
The objective of this study is to examine the impact of human capital on the economic growth in Algeria during the period 1971 -2010. We used the ECM models. We found a positive relationship between human capital and economic growth.
The purpose of this study is to test the impact of gender diversity of the board of directors on the performance of Cameroonian companies. From a sample study of 300 large Cameroonians companies obtained over the period from 2004 to 2009, it is statistically and econometrically proven that the analysis carried out in the Cameroonian context indicates that an improvement in the Cameroonians companies
The purpose of this study is to diagnose the causal relationships between crude oil price and the indicators of the stock market, and on the economic growth in Nigeria, a typical oil-dependent economy during the regime of global financial crisis and regime of no global financial crisis using a dummy-augmented Toda and Yamamoto causality testing procedures. Dummy-augmented model is used to assess the relative causal impacts of the variables on another in the regime of global financial crisis and regime of no global financial crisis. The results of the empirical findings imply that the causal relationship between the oil prices, the stock market indicators and the economic growth may be better in diagnosed if adequate attention is given to the two economic regimes using the augmented T-Y model.
Treated sewage effluent (TSE) is used in the Kingdom of Bahrain (KoB) heavily in irrigating lots of vegetables and fruits gardens due to the shortage in water resources. The aim of this study is to examine the waste water quality regarding pathogenic bacteria and parasites, trace metals (Fe, Cu, Zn, Pb, Ni, Cd and Ag) and physio-chemical properties (E-conductivity, pH, NH3, NO2, NO3, BOD, COD and TSS). TSE is supplied from Tubli wastewater treatment plant (Tubli-WTP) in KoB as a tertiary stage effluent (TSE). The supplied TSE was free of pathogenic bacteria as no bacterium was grown on selective media (EMB, MC, DCA and XLD). TSE as well was free of pathogenic parasites when examined according to the American Standard for the Examination of Water and Waste Water (APHA). In addition, the chemical properties and heavy metals of TSE were within APHA standard. However, some pathogens were found in an irrigation storage reservoir used to collect TSE which was supplied from Tubli-WTP to a local farm (Farm-TSE). From this reservoir, eleven pathogens were identified (Escherichia coli, Citrobacter freundii, Enterobacter cloacae, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Aeromonas hydrophyla, Pseudomonas Paucimobilis, Klebsiella Oxytoca, Salmonella sp., Acinetobacter lwoffii, Serratia sp. and Pseudomonas Paucimobilis) by using API 20E system. The possible contamination source of Farm-TSE was the storage condition of the reservoir and/or the supply process from Tubli-WTP to the local farm.
Introduction: With the advent of the porcelain, the use of the polymers diminished despite their improved features and expanded clinical applicability. Purpose: The purpose derives from the fact that there are absolute indications for the use of polymers as veneering materials for the dental bridges in the everyday dental practice. Methods As the material we used 200 patients divided into two groups. First group was professional boxers with dental bridges veneered with chained-linear polymers and second group was patients with bruxism with dental bridges veneered with cross-linked polymers. The measurements of color stability, strength and endurance to masticatory pressure were in 3 intervals: beginning, after 18 and 36 months. Results: In the first group, there were 0 polymer discolorations on the first measurement and 15(15%), 20(20%) on the second and third measurement respectively compared to the second group with 0 discolorations on the first and second and 30(30%) on the third measurement. The polymer strength estimated with the number of fracture spots for the first group was 0 for on first and second and 10(10%) on the third measurement and for the second group was 0 for each measurement. Masticatory pressure endurance for the first group was f(x)=200,75N, f(x)=271,00N, f(x)=290,55N on the first second and third measurement respectively and for the second group was f(x)=190,55N, f(x)=261,00N and f(x)=280,55N on the first, second and third measurement respectively. Conclusion: The linear and cross linked polymers satisfy the requirements to be used as veneering dental materials with optimal values for color stability, strength and masticatory pressure endurance.