To be able to realize the planned regional investment politics, as the main booster of their real economy, not taking into account their economic politics, it must be admitted that the financing of investments presents the findings of financial means to realize the planned and programmed investments.
Tryptophan methyl-ester (TrpME) is derived from a natural amino acid, which contains an indole heterocycle. This gives tryptophan its absorption and fluorescence spectroscopic properties. TrpME has become a commonly tool used in many fields namely medicine which is considered as the most important one. In front of his major importance, we found interesting to make a theoretical study on the conformational analysis by DFT/B3LYP method with 6-31G(d,p) basis set to find the most stable form of TrpME. Seven staggered stable conformers were observed on the torsional potential energy surfaces, it is shown that TrpME_1 conformer (D1= 178.62
A study conducted on Al- Hossainiya river in holy Karbala governorate. Three sites located on this river were selected for this study to measure the Physical and Chemical properties to maintain the river's water specifications and evaluate water quality for the period between January and December of 2014. The study recorded some resulte: The temperature of air and water which is directly proportional ranged 14-33 C
Due to the agroecosystem deterioration of family exploitation in South Kivu, there is food insecurity and the depletion of natural resources threats present and future generations. This investigation has documented and characterized the family agroecosystems degradation in order to contribute to lasting management of resources for community benefit. The agroecosytems of family exploitation are characterized by complete lands deterioration, fallow land absence, Allan coefficient L inferior to 5, biodiversity loss, marginal lands cultivated, reduction of individual plots for a generation to another and by the production fall that are accentuated by climatic variability and demographic pressure. These are caused anthropogenic activities, inappropriate agriculture application, bad usage of lands and biodiversity and the negligence of family lands final aim. The exploitation regulation, the restoration and lasting management of agroecosytem are the possible ways to improve these inherited properties.
Poverty is a prominent concern from many years which has become the danger for nations and creating many problems for them. Nations cannot be advanced without devoted in education. Education has multifaceted process. At one hand, it upgrade the economic growth and on other hand, it curtails the poverty and to raise the level of productivity. Education is playing a vital role in the mitigation of poverty and in enhancing economic growth. The basic objectives of the research were 1) to explore the difference between the public and private school, colleges and universities education and its impact on employment, 2) to see the effect of education on earnings, decision making power and status of people, 3) to assess the effect of education on poverty and 4) to analysis the ways of how to eradicate poverty.
The problem of mixed convection heat transfer of nanofluid in a lid driven square cavity containing several heated triangular cylinders is studied numerically using the finite volume discretization method. The upper and bottom walls are thermally insulated while the left and right walls are cooled at constant temperature, T_c. The present investigation considered the effects of pertinent parameters such as; size and number of the heated triangular cylinders on the flow and Nusselt number. The other parameters governing the problem are the Richardson number (0.1? Ri ? 100), the Prandtl number of the pure water (Pr = 6.2) and the volume fraction of nanoparticles (0 ? ? ? 0.05). Results show that increasing size and number of the heated triangular cylinders leads to increase the heat transfer rate. It is also found that by reducing Richardson number and increasing the volume fraction of nanoparticles, the average Nusselt number increases.
Seasonings are nowadays indispensable ingredients in food preparation in general and especially in South of Benin. They are omnipresent on all displays of saleswomen condiments and various products, and are sometimes exposed to the bad weather. A sociocultural investigation was conducted to South of Benin, from December 2012 to July 2013 (approximately eight month), and was related to the consumption of flavor commonly called "cube" in this area. The purpose is to identify the range of "cube" seasonings the most used. It comes that we may evaluate the nutritional quality of these products. After the analysis, it arises that the glutamate has a higher content of total proteins (36.960%). Then, follow respectively Cookzen (14.840%), Maggi chicken (9.800%), Jumbo chicken (8.68%) and finally, Aroma Maggi (7.560%). The highest content of salt is found in Jumbos Chicken (53.675%), followed respectively by Maggi chicken (47.525%), Cookzen (38.8 Glutamate (37.307%) and Aroma Maggi (17.660%). The lowest value of the pH is found in Aroma Maggi (4.530), while Maggi chicken (5.860) and Jumbo chicken (5.270) have approximately the same pH.
Gambari-lifin is a flour obtained from the shelled and corn. This flour is used to prepare the dough consumed with a sauce. It can also be used, mixed with the wheat flour, in pastry and in bakery. A rapid diagnosis achieved in Porto-Novo, Miss
Problematic: Despite accessibility increasingly easy to scientific research results, studies reveal a weak tendency to use its evidence results in nursing practice.
Objective: Unveiling the factors that hinder use of evidence scientific research results in nursing practice.
Methods: Quantitative descriptive approach. The sample consisted of 40 nurses selected from a target population of 169 nurses (Provincial hospital centre-F
Capitalist system has created a great distortion in different fields of life; its basic cause is interest (Sood). In our society, there are a lot of people who think that interest is an essential element for living a life. Now these days, people are forming new departments on the basis of interest and such type of schemes are something interest system. Our Islamic System is totally destroyed. We forget the real meaning of RABBWA and what is system of trading. These days; we are having different misconceptions regarding interest. For ruining all evils which are created from poverty and from interest system; there should be enhancing zakat system in a proper way and people should live their lives in guidance of Islam; one day, our society will be formed like a paradise.
The products of fishing (fish, shrimp and crab) represent close to 31% of the national consumption of animal proteins to Benin. However, they are highly perishable commodities. The different methods and techniques used for their conservation by the actors of the fishing don't permit to get products of good quality. The change of these products entails the reduction of their values commercial and nourishing. Some chemical parameters of which the Total Volatile Basic nitrogen (ABVT), permit to show the degree of change of these products. The present survey aims the determination of the concentration then in ABVT of the fishing products as fishes, the shrimps and the crabs appropriated at the fishers and the dealers of the Ah
Mergers and acquisitions represent the ultimate in change for a business. Despite this, it is common knowledge that mergers and acquisitions do fail and they do not necessarily create shareholder value. The main aim of this piece of research work was to contribute to the general body of knowledge in the area of failure rates, and the perspectives on why mergers and acquisitions fail. The objective was to investigate from literature on the failure rates and perspectives on why M & As fail, present the various discussions and arguments on the subject matter, and then catalog them for researchers and students in this particular field. It was found that the integration stage of the whole merger and acquisition process was the most problematic area which contributes to merger and acquisition failure, and that the problem in the integration stage has to do with the human factor (the employees-coping with cultural differences, politics, lack of effective communication, etc). Another factor that occurred most after the human factor is poor strategies that are rolled out after the deal is sealed. Again, M & A failure rate is very high; averaging about 50%, regardless of the initial high hopes.
The purpose of this research is to assess the fitness of a measurement model using Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA). A survey methodology using simple random sampling was carried out covering the 300 students. A structured questionnaire using the entrepreneurial intention as a subject was then distributed to 300 students. Then the confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) in structural equation modeling was employed to assess the fitness of a measurement model. The results implied that the fitness indexed of a measurement model achieved the required level. Based on this study, it revealed that all the fitness indexes achieved the level of acceptance. The measurement model is accepted. The model is fit to the data. It can be assembled into the structural model for further analysis.
This paper presents a study of a novel monopole antenna for ultra wideband (UWB) applications. Printed on a dielectric substrate FR4 and fed by a 50 microstrip line, a planar circular monopole has been demonstrated to provide an ultra wide 10 dB return loss bandwidth with satisfactory radiation properties. A T-shaped slot, cut in the radiating patch, increase the impedance bandwidth of the proposed antenna up to 131%. The parameters which affect the performance of the antenna in terms of its frequency domain characteristics are investigated. The proposed antenna is optimized by ANSOFT High Frequency Structure Simulator (HFSS). Details of the proposed antenna design and simulated results is described and discussed.
The last decades have seen an important inovation and technological development in virtual reality RV thanks to the increasing of computing power and the progress in interfacing (3D navigation and manipulation devices, CAVE, HMD, 3D screen, data-gloves, haptic system
Since the beginning of the century, the environment (air, land and water) has been subjected to increasing pressure from industrial and human activities whose effects were quickly felt. In the aquatic environment, much of anthropogenic or natural compounds are adsorbed on particulate matter and accumulate in sediment. Sediment can affect the bioavailability of contaminants and therefore toxicity. A transect was established along the river Karavia, and (composite) samples of sediments were collected in surface and in depth about four retained stations for laboratory analysis. The results indicate a high concentration of trace metals (SEM), especially copper (3488 ppm 2307 ppm surface against deep) in sediments. The level of copper content exceeds excessively standards AFNOR, WHO and Canadian recommendations for the protection of aquatic life and indicate severe pollution of the substrate. The transfer of pollutants through the profile, particularly the copper is notable. This is justified: First, the ETM from copper production through the factory Gecamines has accumulated in the surface horizons and reached a very high level of concentration, causing the disappearance of vegetation and emergence of large bare surfaces. Increased erosion explains the transfer of the ETM-Penga Penga tray down or bottom-Karavia pass the river. Second, the chemical parameters (pH, CEC) and soil (particle size) explain the transfer of ETM through the profile. The ultimate goal of this study component "sediment" is to assess the impact of these pollutants, sediment in particular, the most realistic way possible on the environment.
In the aquatic environment, much of anthropogenic or natural compounds are adsorbed on particulate matter and accumulate in sediment. Sediment can affect the bioavailability of contaminants and therefore toxicity. A transect was established along the river Mulungwishi, 12 stations were selected along this transect and water and sediment samples were collected for laboratory analysis. The results indicate a high concentration of elements in the study (Cu, Co, Pb, Fe, Mn, and Mg), particularly in sediments than in the water. Cu slightly exceeds WHO standards set at 2 mg / L, the station 7. Against the stations 4, 5, 6, 7, and 8 show high concentrations in sediments to Cu, Co. This is explained by the change in physicochemical conditions of rivers. In this case, it is the pH of the water, particularly when acid which facilitates the mobility of certain hazardous components and their transport along the river especially when the speed is great. By cons when the pH of the water is basic, some other elements precipitate and accumulate in sediment, increasing their concentrations, or of the risk of exposure of aquatic fauna, creatures and aquatic plants as well as the man who would exercise any activity on an exposed river has human pressure in all its forms.
Paracetamol is one of the best selling drugs in the world for its analgesic and antipyretic properties. However, before the commoditization of its use and accessibility without a prescription, it appears as innocuous and harmless molecule. The aim of this study was to evaluate the management of patients admitted to general pediatric ward Hedi Chaker Hospital Sfax acute paracetamol poisoning during a period of 6 years from 1 January 2009 until 31 December 2014. A retrospective study has yielded information on 42 patients admitted for acute paracetamol poisoning using a questionnaire involving demographics, clinical history and the support arrangements. The acute paracetamol poisoning accounted for 36% of all drug poisoning and has hit in 95% of children under 5 years with a male predominance (sex ratio 0.9). Self-medication (82%) was the leading cause of accidental poisoning (76%). Hepatic lesions were described in 90% of patients with only transaminase assays. Hepatotoxicity has not been evaluated by blood level paracetamol according to the validated nomograms (Prescott). Abusive treatment with N-acetylcysteine had been established in all patients without the need for dose adjustment of tools. These results show that high consumption of paracetamol and ignorance of its adverse effects promote the occurrence of accidental poisoning in Tunisia. This results in considerable need of upgrading treatment protocols of acute poisoning with this product.
The objective of this study is the production of friable embryogenic callus in citrus to having the necessary material for protoplast isolation to be integrated into rootstock improvment programm using the asexual pathway. Ovules, embryos and styles explants of Citrus five genotypes: Poncirus trifoliate, Citrus reshni Hort. ex Tan, Citrus amblicarpa, Citrus volkameriana and Citrus paradisi Macf., are cultured in MT medium supplemented with 4% sucrose, 0.05% of malt extract and 1% agar was used as basal medium. Hormones (kinetin (Kn), 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) and 6-benzylaminopurine (BAP) were added to this medium at different concentrations. The rate of callus of different explants was evaluated by determining the percentage of callus induction by explant. The conducted experiments show a significant effect of genotype, explant type and hormone combination chosen. Friable callus forms were on the 3 explants with variable frequencies. Embryo explants show is most favorable to the production of friable callus; the best callogenesis is obtained with the culture media containing auxin and cytokinin combined M2 (1mg/l 2,4D+ 0.5 mg/l BAP) and M3 (1mg/l2,4D + 0.5mg/l Kn), by against the style explants and ovule have induced embryogenic calli respectively on the M4 (0.5 mg/l BAP) and M5 (1mg/l Kn) medium.
This study was carried out to determine organic acids in palm saps throughout tapping. Palm wine sample at different stages of processing namely tapping, were collected and analysed for physical, biochemical, nutritional and microbiological parameters (pH, total titratable acidity (TTA), fermenting microorganisms) extracted from two varieties of palm oil tree (Dura and Tenera). Microbiological and biochemical contents of palm wine were determined during the tapping of Dura and Tenera felled oil palm trees for 4 weeks. Some differences in chemical compositions between fresh palm wine samples of two palm trees varieties were observed. In addition the results of pH, total titratable acid and organic acids confirmed the importance of lactic acid bacteria in the tapping of palm wine. The organic acids of fresh palm wines collected during tapping are showed in Fig 3. Organic acids detected in the freshly collected palm wine (first day) included oxalic (0.1
For improvement in cowpea production in Cameroon, the notice of diversity markers within traditional cowpea varieties are necessary. This study aims to identify the markers of agronomical and morphological diversity related to the production of local cowpea cultivars in the Far North Cameroon. 215 local cultivars were collected in the main cowpea production areas. Classifications of these cultivars were carried out based on the morphological characteristics of the seeds and phenotypic characteristics of plant cultivars. This work has confirmed the presence of a high diversity of seeds and cultivars. It appears that 6 phenotypical features of seeds and 5 morphotypical features of plants are critical in cowpea diversity. Late morphotypes (52.31%) and crawling (63.07%) plants with globular shape (57.04%) and white color (87.85%) of seeds are the most cultivated and the most diverse in the region. Cultivars of the Mayo-Sava locality have a significant up rate (64.15 %) and the highest yield of dry seeds (284.68 Kg / Ha) followed by those from Diamar
This work aims to recycle non-biodegradable waste, fight against environmental pollution and improve the performance of construction products. It is to develop a methodology and tools for making tiles made from glass bottle shards. To do this unused bottles have been collected and processed to granulates for making tiles cement-stabilized to the habitat coating. The results show that 0.40 is compared Cement / Tesson optimal to have shimmering tiles with a homogeneous distribution of shards in the cement matrix. The study of the water / cement ratio (W / C) indicates to a W / C ratio between 0.5 and 0.6 for good shaped by densifying the material and improved mechanical performance.
Organizational social cohesiveness requires the involvement and support of each of its members to the formal group. Many principles, including the superimposition of basic social values with organizational standards works for this aim. The non-line up of these two factors poses challenges within organizations for members to collaborate in formal groups. These are crystallizing around transitional standards to ensure their cognitive and behavioral consistency. To demonstrate the effect of the mismatch between social values and organizational standards on the lack of organizational social cohesion, an empirically and documentary analysis has being carried out.
The proliferation of illicit drug markets facilitate the flow of doubtful quality products of uncertain origin to the most disadvantaged populations. The consumption of counterfeit medicines that do not meet international standards can explain the repeated treatment failures, the development of tolerance or even addiction to drug observed after taking generic drugs. High consumption of compressed ibuprofen, second most consumed analgesic after paracetamol led us to a comparative study of physicochemical and dosage parameters of the generic pill ibuprofen 400 mg sold in the formal and informal market in Douala according to international pharmacopoeia. The results show that non-normalised medicines are present both in the formal and in the informal circuit. Each of the circuits presented a compliance rate of about 80%. Moreover, the presence of the same batch of tablet, from the same laboratory both in the formal and in the informal circuit would be a proof that the informal market of drugs "gazon" supply is assured by both the smuggling and the formal distribution sector. It is imperative that Governments in countries such as Cameroon through health and safety officers take radical decisions to control the quality, stability and efficiency of drugs introduced in their countries.
The present study was carried out to investigate the relationship among hopelessness and depression with quality of life in mothers of hearing & orthopedic impaired. One hundred fifty disabled children
Fuzzy cognitive maps have received increasing attention for the representation of causal knowledge, being especially useful in biomedicine. Recently some extension for using fuzzy cognitive maps using the paradigm of computing with words in order to provide causal models that are easily understood have been proposed. Nevertheless, there are situations in which experts hesitate between several values to assess the causal relation. To this end, we propose the use of of hesitant fuzzy linguistic term sets. Finally, the paper presents an illustrative example of the model for biomedical knowledge representation.
It is currently noticed for the period of festivity of Christmas and New Year, an addition of table fowl in the diet of the Lushoise, even more stripped; its marketing is widespread in the large arteries and everywhere where there is an intense circulation. This study has like general objective, that to analyze the periodic marketing of table fowls in the town of Lubumbashi. To arrive there, the following specific goals were pursued: to identify the salesmen, the sold races, the places of sources, the constraints, to release the profit and the profitability of this activity.40 % of these salesmen except markets whose 77 actors were surveyed. The data were seized in Excel and the statistical analysis was made on the basis of language R version 2.15.0. (The descriptive analysis, the test of student with the threshold of 5% and the simple regression). The results obtained show that this activity is practiced by the women (79,0 %), detailing (92, 2 %), which practice the trade of the agricultural produce like principal activity (95,0 %) and which directs their capital in the sale of table fowls for the period of festivity of Christmas and new year. The results obtained show that this activity is practiced by the women (79,0 %), detailing (92, 2 %), which practice the trade of the agricultural produce like principal activity (95,0 %) and which directs their capital in the sale of table fowls for the period of festivity of Christmas and new year. This activity generates in 2 to 3 days an average profit of 172 789